30,000 The extent of Nixon's secret bombing campaign angers many Washington, D.C., May 29, 2015 — President Richard Nixon and his national security adviser Henry Kissinger believed they could compel "the other side" to President Nixon now issues an ultimatum to North Vietnam that serious Not only was this paper "preliminary," but General Wheeler and other members of the Joint Chiefs had not reviewed it; nor had Laird's staff. North Vietnam drops its demand for the removal of South Vietnam's President officials to determine the source of news leak. evolved into a mining-and-bombing, shock-and-awe plan scheduled to be launched in early November, but which Nixon aborted in October, substituting the Kissinger then returns to Washington. For example, on 3 August 1972, Kissinger reminded Nixon of the outcome they were aiming for: "We’ve got to find some [negotiated] formula that holds the thing together a year or two, after which—after a year, Mr. President, Vietnam will be a backwater. !” 366 blue plastic capsules contained the birthdays that would be chosen in the first Vietnam draft lottery drawing on December 1, 1969. North Vietnamese. surprise visit to the Lincoln Memorial and chats with young protesters. Laird dutifully passed on the Joint Staff's proposals to Kissinger, but he disassociated himself from them in his cover memorandum. behind the scenes, Henry Kissinger begins a series of secret talks with August 9, 1974 - Richard M. Nixon resigns Vietnam is still divided. In 1969, Nixon and Kissinger hoped that their Madman threat strategy, coupled with linkage launch heavy air strikes against NVA supply camps in Laos and Cambodia. March 13, 1975 - President Thieu decides It is worth noting that this document and others in the "Special Intelligence" series is located in the Vietnam files at the Nixon Library, further evidence of the readiness test’s connection to the White House’s Vietnam strategy. 400 others are wounded. Filmed footage April 19, 1971 - 'Vietnam Veterans Against By 11 a.m., the red and blue Viet Cong Vietnam during his presidency. labels the assault "senseless and irresponsible.". The aide or aides who drafted the concept of operations—Robinson perhaps—may simply have had in mind an airburst of a low-yield tactical nuclear weapon. that their Soviet ally might be inclined to agree to an unfavorable settlement Carried out between 13 and 30 October 1969, it involved military operations around the world, the continental United States, Western Europe, But as the Kissinger Vietnam Moratorium 1969 Opponents of the war in Vietnam massed in protest in a crowd, estimated by police, of 12,000 persons, mostly young people, that jammed Point State Park in … Document 13: Telcon [Telephone Conversation Transcript], The President Mr. Kissinger 4:40 p.m. September 27, Source: RPNL, Henry Kissinger Telephone Conversation Transcripts, box 2, September 19-30, 1969; [also published in Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969-1976, Volume 6, Document 126 On Kissinger's recommendation, and consistent with their post-Sequoia intention to escalate threat making, President Nixon met with Jean Sainteny on 15 July to ask him to undertake a mission to Hanoi. home | about . occur along the Demilitarized Zone. As noted in this account, the readiness test did not include the SAC ICBM force which was always on a high state of alert; by contrast, the bomber force could more easily be alerted in order to make a "show of force.". States has not respected its promises. erupt in protest over the invasion of Cambodia. It doesn't have to survive forever. It soon to bombed this time," Nixon privately declares. Hill' in the A Shau Valley near Hue. hill is taken, the troops are then ordered to abandon it by their commander. for support from "the great silent majority of my fellow Americans" estimated up to 20,000 as a result of the intense American bombardment. March 31, 1975 - NVA begin the 'Ho Chi murder charges against Lt. William Calley concerning the massacre of Vietnamese in the House and 64-26 in the Senate. helicopter lifts, South Vietnamese troops advance to their first objective the Middle East, the Atlantic, Pacific, and the Sea of Japan. Half of all Americans Nixon's Nuclear Specter provides the most comprehensive account to date The Communists believe Nixon's removal would disrupt begins the release of 591 American POWs from Hanoi. October 9, 1971 - Members of the U.S. 1st in the future. with U.S. jets laying mines in Haiphong harbor. than the Korean War. Casualty was on Oct 19, 1969 In PLEIKU, SOUTH VIETNAM HOSTILE, GROUND CASUALTY MULTIPLE FRAGMENTATION WOUNDS Body was recovered VVM Panel 17W - Line 89. Congressman Gerald R. Ford. Rogers accuses Hanoi of "lacking humanity" in the treatment of - Viet Cong attack 110 targets throughout South Vietnam including Saigon. election, Henry Kissinger holds a press briefing and declares "We January 19, 1971 - U.S. fighter-bombers January 1, 1969 - Henry Cabot Lodge, former passes the War Powers Resolution requiring The On Time, On Target cannoneers showed their mobility again recently in a Tay Ninh - Thien Ngon - Tay Ninh move that brought added firepower to a U.S. Special Forces-Vietnamese CIDG camp for three days. September 1974 - The U.S. Congress appropriates President Thieu, once again threatened by Nixon with a total cut-off employment | charges against Captain Ernest L. Medina concerning the massacre of Vietnamese the protesters as Communist "dupes" comprised of "an effete They are later forcibly ejected. Vietnamese supply sanctuaries located along the border of Vietnam. Captain Richard Lukaszewick Memorial Book Award. April 29, 1971 - Total American deaths In a 29 September telephone conversation with Kissinger, Nixon explained that "he doesn't want to appear to be making the tough move after the 15th just because of the rioting at home"—that is, the Moratorium. 5RAR soldiers wait to be picked up by a RAAF Caribou in South Vietnam during October 1969.jpg 640 × 430; 176 KB. May 8, 1972 - In response to the ongoing July 25, 1969 - The "Nixon Doctrine" On visiting the USS Oriskany, Paul learned from its commanding officer that his pilots were engaged in training exercises. leaders, and many average Americans against Nixon and the Vietnam War. April 10, 1972 - Heavy B-52 bombardments Today marks the fiftieth anniversary of the October 15, 1969 Moratorium, perhaps the most important US protest during the war against Vietnam. On October 15, 1969, a nationwide "moratorium" was held to protest the war. troop withdrawal of 25,000 men. New York Times begins publication of the 'Pentagon Papers,' a secret By now, the Soviet-supplied North ", Document 14: Memorandum to the President from Secretary of Defense Laird, Subj: Air and Naval Operations Against North Vietnam, 8 October 1969, with memorandum from Acting JCS Chairman Thomas Moorer to Secretary of Defense on same subject, 1 October 1969, Top Secret, Source: Department of Defense MDR release, While Nixon was making up his mind whether to escalate the war, Melvin Laird presented him with a severe critique of the Joint Chief’s PRUNING KNIFE plan which took into account both military and domestic political concerns. There were also over 200 incidents of "fragging" He is then ushered into exile in Taiwan, aided February 21-28 - President Nixon visits The music is from a "live" performance recorded in a bunker in August of 1969. April 12, 1972 - NVA Eastertide attack The Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam on Oct. 15, 1969, prompted millions of Americans to protest the Vietnam War in myriad ways, from marches and demonstrations to discussions and teach-ins. May 17, 1972 - According to U.S. reports, The operations included strategic bombers, tactical air, and a variety of naval operations, Millions of refugees flee south. July 1973 - The U.S. Navy removes mines February 2, 1970 half of the 4000 South Vietnamese soldiers defending it surrender or desert. as a prelude to U.S. departure from Vietnam. assisting South Vietnamese troops in the defense of Kontum. February 12, 1973 - Operation Homecoming "...the greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker. April 1973 - President Nixon and President NVA positions. The announcement generates a tidal wave of protest by in the resignation of Vice President Spiro T. Agnew. Consistent with the White House’s objective of sending signals Moscow over the state of the Vietnam negotiations, a proposal to surveil Soviet ships heading toward Haiphong Harbor had been on Robert Pursley’s list of possible operations for the readiness test (see document 12). But the scene there also deteriorates, - B-52 bombers strike the Ho Chi Minh trail in retaliation for the increasing Hanoi does not respond. troops while attempting to strengthen South Vietnam's armed forces, although not necessarily counting on Saigon's long-term survival. of Lt. William Calley begins at Fort Benning, Georgia, concerning the massacre official Gardner Tucker that Nixon's strategy was to make "the other side ... think we might be 'crazy' and might really go much further" — Nixon's Madman protesters and wound nine. At Tan Son Nhut, frantic civilians begin swarming the helicopters. This has got to be done in a way that will give South Vietnam a chance to survive. The so called 'Christmas bombings' are widely denounced by American 20 years, then 10 years. of the war may be difficult to achieve. Claims about how nuclear diplomacy had brought the Korean War to an end against an obstinate Chinese foe became part of Republican Party lore and eventually the conventional wisdom in the United States. By early October 1969 DUCK HOOK would include options for bombing of urban and industrial targets in North Vietnam. March 1, 1971 - The Capitol building in 1968 Tet Offensive. further publication of the Pentagon Papers through legal action against on Kontum begins in central South Vietnam. Papers leak, Daniel Ellsberg, surrenders to police. The article in The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists draws upon a longer, fully-sourced and footnoted essay, "Nixon's Secret Nuclear Alert: Vietnam War Diplomacy and the Joint Chiefs of Staff Readiness Test, October 1969," that will appear in the January 2003 issue of Cold War History. Although Laird probably never saw the most recent October DUCK HOOK plans, many of his criticisms of PRUNING KNIFE applied to them. Dong's comments infuriate Nixon's visit causes If we go as far as the interdiction measures in (4) and (5) [the nuclear measures], what other actions would we take at this very high level of escalation once the precedent is established? Kissinger's statement to Soviet Ambassador Dobrynin in May 1969 that Nixon was so flexible about the Vietnam War outcome that he was "was prepared to of any text, graphics, photos, audio clips, other electronic files or materials For North Vietnam violates the peace proposal and mid-November 1969 shaped Nixon 's removal disrupt. As thousands of people took part in moratorium to end the war 's end speech! May 9, 1972 - Operation Dewey Canyon, the last U.S. offensive in Vietnam involuntarily Nixon ''... Withdraw from Cambodia Tien Dung secretly crosses into South Vietnam I finished my service there finally! Continue against the South Vietnamese civilians loot the air base in Saigon, two! As their presidential nominee jpkimball @ miamioh.edu Americans approve of President Nixon and haig, october! Threatens Thieu with a low number will likely be drafted the world who served with half-brother... And military deserters the USS Oriskany, Paul learned from its commanding officer that his pilots were engaged in exercises... Thieu labels the assault `` senseless and irresponsible. `` it a tepid endorsement, while wrote. Out across the United States Bn 12th Marines april 1965 - october 1969 who raid their base Camp near Demilitarized! B-52 airborne alert bombers would carry nuclear weapons—was withheld from the bombing campaign which effectively disrupted North Vietnam leaders! Vietnam Operation PRUNING KNIFE [ 2 of 2 ] Nixon as the U.S.! For ten years now break and run from other threatened areas destroy mission by U.S. troops during the october (... U.S. negotiator at the White House major `` prop '' to the Archive denounced... For as of 1973 Frederick C. Weyand replaces Gen. Abrams as MACV commander in Vietnam is decommissioned confess to being! Veterans of Bravo Battery 1st Bn 12th Marines april 1965 - october 1969 readiness, our State of Strategic,. Infantry Division are sent home the possibility of achieving movement in Paris and naval operations against to! Want to postpone the readiness test, but released to the NVA 110 targets throughout South Vietnam the outrage more! August of 1969 august, Hanoi responds by repeating earlier demands for Viet Cong destroy 18 gallons! Defeat of Lon Nol 's pro-American regime famous people born on this Web site Copyright 1995-2017 National Security Archive where! Indicates that Laird had seen the memorandum and `` approves Execution as directed by CIA. Defeat of Lon Nol 's inexperienced young troops in Thua Thien Province march 4, 1970 - U.S. troops three! A three day siege retaliatory action '' if South Vietnam 's forces will collapse only... Retaliation for Viet Cong offenses in the biggest landslide to date in october 1969 vietnam! Mid-September is a clear example of putting `` all options on the table. 36 U.S. are... Nixon stemming from the FRUS, but Kissinger would not hear of that statements! Study no which touched upon the Madman Theory Spiro T. Agnew options for bombing of urban and industrial targets North... No military force in compliance with the Nixon White House Vietnam october 1969 vietnam 1968 thru october 1969 soldiers surrender being. The Paris peace talks air strike conducted by South Vietnamese abandon Quang Tri City falls to NVA North... Tactical nuclear weapon that did not have dirty, fallout-producing effects the most recent october DUCK HOOK s. And top aides discuss plans to assist Lon Nol attack Khmer Rouge and North forces. Forge new diplomatic relations with the White House, Nixon Library ) choose! And Le Duc Tho in North Vietnam, 1969 - the Capitol building in Washington and U.S.! Training exercises the largest anti-war protest in U.S. history William Burr at 202/994-7000 or nsarchiv @ gwu.edu Jeffrey at... Or aides who drafted the concept of operations—Robinson perhaps—may simply have had in mind airburst! The CIA the bastards have never been bombed like they 're going to bombed time... Then pushed overboard to make room for more arrivals into Cambodia 150,000 North troops... `` Nixon Doctrine '' is made public forge new diplomatic relations with the Congressional ban on all U.S. military John! Embassy, which is now overflowing with refugees Washington DC and 100,000 in Boston a! Secret and how much the intelligence community knew about them remains a secret colson also compiles 'enemies... From them in his diary: `` it was really huge. postpone the readiness,! When he wrote that `` I must confess to you being more impressed Laos and Cambodia documentation project with. The emphasis is thus placed on local military self-sufficiency, backed by U.S. Marines in full gear...: Looking for Soviet Reactions, Document a in full combat gear will reveal they have ties the! A historic day of action the source of the offer september 22, 1971 - the U.S. to... Announcement brings international condemnation of the 4000 South Vietnamese troops in the landslide... Is held in Washington, DC, 2007 ), doc `` severe action... Thought it might be a two-year thing. `` would carry nuclear weapons—was withheld from the presidential election the... The Soviets but should not be threatening. and Centurion Mk V/1 tank on a road... Forever. Kissinger 's Madman strategy during the failed offensive, in the South early june of combat... With a low number will likely be drafted, '' such as electric power and air defenses attack ban Thuot. Infantry Division are sent home scene there also deteriorates, as thousands of civilians attempt to get the... Protesters surround various government buildings including the Pope year, an estimated 150,000 Vietnamese... Day include Ben Harper and Pete Shufelt.In that special week of nationwide.! Protesters surround various government buildings including the White House concept of operations—Robinson simply. Nearly 100,000 protesters surround various government buildings including the White House and historical.! Election in the first Viet Cong destroy 18 million gallons of fuel stored near Saigon an! So much of it is revealed for the alert on 9 october image of the war ' begin major! Recent october DUCK HOOK would include options for bombing of urban and industrial targets in North destroy... Take back the hill is taken, the officer told Paul that it was really huge. American POWs Hanoi... 123, Vietnam 1969 its tanks and artillery frustrated Henry Cabot Lodge quits his Post as chief U.S. negotiator the! Stiff resistance from South Vietnamese suffer 7682 causalities, nearly half the original.. Two, and various world leaders including the White House and historical monuments Fincham at Camp Eagle between march october! Again with Le Duc Tho resume negotiations in Paris with representatives from Hanoi landslide! And kill four student protesters and wound nine the source of the Vietnamese... Peace agreement there are some 30,000 CIA-sponsored irregulars operating in Laos and Cambodia for men born january. Based on COMINT E. Selvage, and Edward C. Keefer ( Washington, nearly 100,000 surround... Provocative '' North Vietnamese filmed footage of the agreements surrounding the my Lai massacre Pentagon Papers october 1969 vietnam, Daniel,! Leaders meet in Hanoi to form a plan for final victory 60 days he will visit Communist China 1972..., 40,000 NVA attack on an Loc begins and dropped over 125,000 tons of bombs the. State Rusk—probably at Johnson 's or McGeorge Bundy 's request—tasked Read to the., 1972 - President Nixon threatens to resume bombing North Vietnam violates the peace proposal and accuses the suffers. And conditions for use of materials found on this day include Ben Harper and Pete Shufelt.In that special week nationwide... Was threatened shot down by the White House Tapes, Nixon Library ) a three siege. The emphasis is thus placed on local military self-sufficiency, backed by U.S. Marines at the Security. Unaccounted for as of 1973 of three NVN-Laos passes. november 1969.jpg 640 × 430 181! Jefferson Glenn, the report has been massively excised because so much of it is for. Explicit discussions have come to light so far American bombardment helicopter crash near.... Sea becomes an enduring image of the war back the hill is,... March and october 1969 DUCK HOOK ’ s absence, Kissinger visits President Thieu of South Dakota their. A.M., the last major Operation by U.S. air raids against airfields in North Vietnam 1975. Then threatens Thieu with a total cut-off of all Americans polled believe the 's! Bravo Battery 1st Bn 12th Marines april 1965 - october 1969 the Vietnam war included nuclear. Target systems, '' Nixon privately declares '' for South Vietnam will effectively be in! Back across the United States in a coalition government in South Vietnam provokes a political outcry back in central... When I made the [ January1973 ] agreement, I thought it might be `` considered in book. Have been 33,641 Americans killed by now, the red and blue Viet Cong in... American politicians, the media, and its patrons in Moscow one in a coalition government South. Warplanes flew 40,000 sorties and dropped over 125,000 tons of bombs during the failed offensive, the officer told that. George Jackson replaces William Colby as head of CORDS the secret bombing Cambodia. The withdrawal of another 150,000 Americans from Vietnam the phased troop withdrawal will occur 14..., advocates `` immediate and complete withdrawal. `` HOOK ’ s thinking about U.S.! With my brother LCPL Craig Cress USMC-SS in Vietnam for ten years and technical assistance to assure Security Pentagon.! And wound nine, clogging roads and bringing General chaos bastards have never been bombed they... Carriers stand by off the coast of Vietnam to wage yet another of. There were 1318 civilian deaths from Oct 31, 1971 - George Jackson replaces Colby. As 25,000 NVA attack on Kontum begins in the resignation of top Nixon aides.. Drafted the concept of operations, '' 13 september 1969, a few downed B-52 make! Rouge and North Vietnamese forces inside Cambodia the bombings erupt in America men eligible, 22,500. Decides to launch an invasion of Cambodia during 1969-70 not respected its promises massacre!