For this reason learning how to read and use drawing scales (whether digital or analog) forms a fundamental and core skill that every architecture student must adopt at the very early stages of their architectural education (if not before). The most common method of measuring a scaled drawing is via a scale rule, and we have a list of our favourite and most versatile rules here. Set the scale ratio, for example \"1:12\" 3. Such similarities allow us to provide high quality scenery elements for architectural models. Click the button and the result will be displayed instantly. Scale drawings are defined as a document that contains and represents a scaled object and/or subject. You can freely rotate and scale the calculator. 1" = 40'-0" has a Scale Factor of 480 When producing these drawings by hand, the scale of floor plan or elevation for example must be chosen and drawn in that scale. The AJ can reveal the next four rising stars to be named in its new AJ 40 under 40 – a showcase of architecture’s brightest up-and-coming talent. Architectual Scale Calculator Software EEToolbelt v.0.7 EEToolbelt is an easy to use, hansy suite of calculators and conversion tools for electrical, process, and controls engineers. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'archisoup_com-banner-1','ezslot_6',849,'0','0']));We discuss how to choose a scale further on in this article…. The first value provides the decimal change. Feel free to use our feet and inches calculator (architectural calculator) to avoid mistakes when calculating dimensions! Engineering. Some drawing such as plans and elevations may read better if they are same scale and presented next to each other. Occasionaly this can be adjusted for project specific requirements, but we prefer to stay within the fee scale. The addition of a scale bar however means that the drawing can be measured using a traditional ruler and/or via any other well proportioned object such as a credit card or posit. The calculator will return two values. All rights reserved. Scale Calculator is a free online tool. It is important that all local codes and standards are adhered to. Fees are commonly quoted as being between 8% and 12% of the build cost, although according to a survey by Building Design in 2012, '...only 21% of architects achieve fee levels of above 5% while 55% are paid fee levels of 4% or less...'. Please make sure to print at 100% or actual size so the rulers will stay true to size. As an Amazon Associate, Archtoolbox earns from qualifying purchases. exe ; Author: MicroInvention Ltd. License: Freeware (Free) File Size: 2.3 Mb; Runs on: Win XP, Vista. You can also calculate map scale, distance on map and distance in real life on Map Scale Calculator page Scale Calculator For Modelers. For calculating scale factor out of architectural drawing scale: Choose your scale. Thank you. Factor . How to Use the Scale Conversion Calculator. Calculating Scale Factor. The simplest way to calculate the scale factor is by using these simple formulas. Architectural drawing scales and scaled drawings can be a difficult subject to understand, especially for new students (and even clients) that have not experienced them or had the need to use them before. The Scale Converter requires iFrames to function and your browser does is not able to display iFrames; however, you can you can open the converter in a new browser window. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'archisoup_com-box-4','ezslot_2',848,'0','0']));It’s very unusual for a scaled drawing to deviate away from using one of these set scales, and as architecture students you should always aim use these standards. SW4.1 Preliminary Services ( Part 1 ) are normally charged on a time basis and Basic Services on a percentage basis. As mentioned above, architects and designers use ‘common’ scales, and you should not deviate away from these. Your chosen scale should be within proportion to your paper size. Initially, how to use a scale rule to measure drawings may seem overwhelming, and it’s also very likely that you will require more than one rule, as different rules have different scales. How to Calculate Architectural Scales. for 1/48th scale enter a 48, or for 1/76th scale, enter a 76. Have you chosen the right scales for the right drawings? This provides a fair system which takes into account the amount of work required for varying projects sizes and their type. When wanting to work out the scale of a drawing, there should be a clear indication of it either next to the drawing, in the drawings title block or on a scale bar. Advertisement . Culture Sketchbook: Charles Holland. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'archisoup_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_15',846,'0','0'])); A second and slightly less precise method of measuring a drawing is via a scale bar (examples below). Simply select the scale of your original drawing and select the scale you would like the drawing to be. 1. Copyright © 2020 Archisoup. Calculator for adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing feet and inches using whole numbers, mixed numbers and fractions. Salary guide - architects and architecture. Scale. The chose of scale is determined by the type of drawing, the size of the subject and the size of paper or document that you wish to present it on. Advertisement. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'archisoup_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_13',672,'0','0']));However today, most if not all drawings are produced via CAD and 3D programmes and always drawn at a real world size (known as 1:1), meaning that in your chosen CAD programme 1000mm will equal 1000mm, or 1ft will equal 1ft when measured. This architect scale has eleven different measurement scales on one ruler. With this in mind, a 1:1 (“one to one”) scale is the real world scale of everything, and the scale that we draw and 3D model in when using CAD and 3D programmes (…more on this below). Black number is inches(in), blue number is feet(ft), green number is yards(yd),red orange number is miles(mi) 4. The below and slightly cheesy video further demonstrates how to read an imperial scale: As mentioned above, scale is used in architecture as a tool to represent large objects at a smaller size in order to allow them to be read with ease on a standard sized sheet of paper. The scaled down size of that object is displayed in the box marked 'Scale Size'. 0.004167. Help make Archtoolbox better for everyone. Architectural Scales: Standard architectural scales are different, although some of them are close to the standard scales acknowledged in the model/hobby industry. This is firstly because as they are communicating different aspects and situations of the building; the detail needs to show only one small part of the building, but in a great amount of detail. News . Failing that and if the drawing has dimensions, then a scale rule can be used with a little trial and error to find the correct scale. If they both had the same scales then one would either be too small of too large, when presented on a sheet.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'archisoup_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_14',824,'0','0'])); As mentioned above, the type of scale you choose is dependant of the type of drawing you wish to produce. You draw it as if you were building it. RIBA Appointments is the official job board of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) and is unique in its ability to support the architecture profession. Fees charged by architects vary very significantly, and since the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) abolished its indicative fee scales, there is very little benchmarking informationfreely available. Archtoolbox is a Trademark of Aggregate Digital LLC. Fees were calculated according to the size and complexity of the project, and calculated as a percentage of the construction cost. Simply take the measurement and record it. 1"=20' 1:240. The below list provides a guide for the metric and imperial scales that we suggest are used for the most common architectural drawings: 1:250 (1”=20’0”) - Site plan (note that 1:250 is not a common metric scale), 1:100 (1/8”=1’0”) – Floor plans, elevations and sections, 1:50 (1/4”=1’0”) - Floor plans, elevations and sections, 1:25 (3/4”=1’0”) - Room plans, interior elevations (note that 1:25 is not a common metric scale), 1:20 (3/4”=1’0”) - Room plans, interior elevations, 1:10 (1 1/2”=1’0”) – Joinery, component details, construction details. Once you gain an understanding of scales, it is easy to understand which scale is most suited to which type of drawing. Do you need a scale bar? RIBA Appointments salary guide - January 2019. Scale Conversion Calculator – Convert Measurements to a Scaled Size Scale a measurement to a larger or smaller measurement, which is useful for architecture, modelling, and other projects. The calculator will return two values. Please use the “Buy on Amazon” button and selected links to be taken straight through to the appropriate amazon page for the best prices, and as a thank you, amazon will give us a small fee in appreciation for us bringing you to them. These effectively represent a printed scale rule, and therefore their measurement can be taken and translated to just about any measuring device that might be to hand. Different colored stripe on each side makes it easy to find the scale you need. The overall fee for a project is generally a percentage of the building contract, calculated using our sliding scale fee calculator. The drawing must get smaller, so 64 divided by 480 = .1333x or 13.33%, Likewise, if you have a drawing at 1" = 30'-0" and you want to change it to 1/2" = 1'-0": Free online calculator for adding, subtracting, multiplying … eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'archisoup_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_0',667,'0','0']));As architects and architectural students, whether you work with metric of imperial units, there are set scales that are used to produce scale drawings, and these are: 3″=1′-0″ – Pronounced three inches to a foot. By ScaleCalculator.com you can easily calculate model size or model scale. This is an online scale length converter that calculates the actual length and the scale length according to the scale ratio. eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'archisoup_com-box-3','ezslot_11',665,'0','0']));…As due to the general size of architecture projects, it is only on very rare occasions that an architectural drawing is not shown and drawn in an architectural scale. Why is our Inch Foot Calculator The Best? This website uses cookies. 20 x 12 = Scale Factor 240 Scale is important because it enables us to recognize the relationship between a drawing or physical model and the reality of its real world size. Our tool is one of the few architectural calculators that show a running tally of inputted dimensions. Working out and measuring scale is easy with a scale rule. Construction related calculator to solve problems with feet and inches calculations. Can you read between drawings and their scales easily? You can use this online scale conversion calculator to convert the size of an actual object to a scaled size and vice versa. Requires legal-sized (8.5 x 14-inch) paper. Should you reduce or increase the scale, or add more detail to the drawing as a whole? Best Architecture BooksOur list of the top reference books for architects - these are the ones we have on our shelf. Please consult a professional architect, engineer, consultant, or agency for advice about specific projects, buildings, conditions, codes, and/or regulations. When using CAD and 3D software, always draw and model in 1:1. How to Set Up Your Website PortfolioA free guide to hosting your own website potfolio. Scale model calculator does not need to be installed, just unpack the executable from the zip file and run it. Display and/or use of the information contained within this site constitutes acceptance of the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. Your portfolio is the most powerful tool you have. Are your drawings clearing labelled with the correct scale? When printing/plotting your work, do not select “scale to fit”. The architect costs in this article are correct as of 2020 . Architectural scale checklist. OtherServices ( Part 2 ) are normally charged on a time or lump sum basis. The wall detail might have a scale of 1:10 or 1:5, whereas the general section is likely to be 1:50 (in metric units). You may have heard the common term 'to scale', which for those that don’t know simply means that every component within a drawing or physical model is in the same proportion to one another, and is represented by one of the above common scales. 1/2" = 1'-0" has a scale factor of 24 Richard Waite and Fran Williams. News How we chose the AJ 40 under 40 - the judges' view. 1. All this does is scale up the model measurements to 1:1 scale and transfer the result (and unit) to the scale down calculator. This scale calculator is a free tool to calculate different scale conversions common to military modelling. Advertisement. BBToolsetsBluebeam Tools and Templates for Architects - Customized by Architects for Architects. It can be produced on any paper format and size, with the scale clearly annotated and often accompanied by a scale bar. Convert from actual (real) size to scale. scale ratio could be set by yourself, supports different length units, including imperial units and metric units. 1. File Name: CrossGL-Calculator-110-Beta. For metric scale rules, we highly recommend the Bocianelli range of Triangular Scale Rules, which similar to the above, are also an aluminum construction and last forever! You can also add the real size and scaled size to find the scale factor. b. In the box marked 'Real Size' enter the measurement of a real-world object in either inches or centimeters. Particularly within the design, architectural, and engineering professions, in many instances drawings are printed to an exact size and can therefore be measured via a scale rule. The scale factor is used to compare the scales to each other. We also earn commissions from qualifying purchases at GBES.com. A more recent survey by the Architects' Journal in 2017 reported fe… For example, a floor plan of a building drawn using a metric scale of 1:100 (pronounced “one to a one hundred”), means that for each unit that is measured on the drawing (the 1), the real world size of it is 100 times larger (the 100) than it appears. The trick is to use the Scale Factor, which appears in our CAD Scale Factors article. [Graphs at appendix B.] Producing accurate scaled drawings at varied scales, is one of the most important aspects of architectural drawing and spatial design.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'archisoup_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_4',110,'0','0'])); The right portfolio can change everything. had fee scales which set the architects fee; the idea being that you choose an architect on the basis of aptitude and availability rather than price. Calibrate the ruler to actual size 2. This application was born out of the need for a custom (for military modelling) scale calculator that could be run on the desktop. This range represents the most commonly used architectural scales used for drawing of plans for single-family residences or smaller commercial buildings. Working with scales for architectural representation . Below, you will find a simple calculator to help with this calculation. Learn how to use an architectural scale ruler so that you can read scaled drawings and blueprints. Custom scales tend to show inexperience, and must be accompanied by a scale bar, which is both unsightly and adds an unnecessary layer of complication to presentation drawings. Press the button labeled 'inch' (inches) or 'cm' (centimeters). To convert an architectural drawing scale to a scale factor: Select the desired scale. Ratios of 1-to-48 or 1-to-50 is a very common architectural scale for this type of project. 1"=30' … For example: 1/4” = 1” Invert the fraction and multiply by 12 to get: 4/1 x 12 = 48 ScaleCalculator.com. Click on ruler will show a corresponding vertical line The second value provides the percentage that can be entered into a copier - a value larger than 100 will make the drawing larger and a value less than 100 will make the drawing smaller. A calculator to simplify converting between figure scales Original size: Original scale: 1: 54 mm 32 mm 28 mm 25 mm 20 mm 15 mm (scale) 15 mm (actual) 10 mm 6 mm (scale) 6 mm (actual) O scale (UK) O scale (Eur) O scale (USA) S scale OO/HO scale N scale (UK) N scale (Eur) Z scale life size It has unique insight from RIBA’s annual Business Benchmarking Survey of over 3,000 RIBA Chartered Practices. The drawing must get (way) larger, so 360 divided by 24 = 15x or 1500%. 8/1 x 12 = Scale Factor 96; To convert an engineering drawing scale to a scale factor: Select the desired scale. Scale conversion tool for modelers. Some drawing such as plans and elevations may read better if they are same scale and presented next to each other. 0.008333. Have you chosen the right scales for the right drawings? If you found an error or out of date information in this article (even if it is just a minor typo), please. Are you struggling to format your portfolio? 1"=10' 1:120. Enter the 'Scale' e.g. Scale Conversion Calculator Below, you will find a simple calculator to help with this calculation. When reading a scaled drawing, the scale is shown as the length in the drawing, then a colon (":"), and then the matching length on the real object. Use the drawing and scale guide above. It saves you a few keystrokes and button presses, and is probably useful if you're converting a lot of measurements across scales. Map Scale Calculator; Scale Calculator. Don't hesitate to provide us with any helpful suggestions to improve our tool! 1" = 20' Multiply the feet by 12. All rights reserved. Simply select the scale of your original drawing and select the scale you would like the drawing to be. Perfect for executive clients in the architectural, engineering, contracting, landscaping and electrical fields. In architecture, we use a collection of standard scales to represent our designs. For example, it is common practice to produce floor plans at a scale of 1:100 (dependent on size of project and paper). Does the detail within your scaled drawing justify the scale it is shown in? 1/8" = 1'-0" Invert the fraction and multiply by 12. News ARB reprimands architect for practising without PI insurance. Our favourite imperial scale rule is the 12" Black Aluminum Triangular Scale Rule by Alvin, it provides scales in 3/32 3/16 3/4 3/8 3 1 1/2 1/8 1/4 1/2 1 inch, and due to its aluminum construction is has a very nice sturdy and substantial feel to it when compared to other plastic versions. For instance, if you have a drawing at 3/16" = 1'-0" and you want to change it to 1" = 40'-0", you simply compare the two scale factors and adjust as required: There is no one size fits all, and you should communicate your project with a range of scales. There is no one size fits all, and you should communicate your project with a range of scales. Note that the scale notation of 1/4-inch, for example, means 1/4-inch on the drawings equals 1 foot of the actual building, or 1-48 ratio scale. Populate your drawing with people, trees, furniture and vehicles to further provide scale and spatial awareness. Decimal. Simply enter the amount, unit (defaults to cm) and scale (defaults to 1/1) to convert from and select the units and scale to convert to. Calculator-7 v.1.0. 2. CAD programmes scale and show how your drawings will fit on your chosen paper size …let the computer do the hard work. For example a construction detail of a wall junction needs to be a much larger scale than a general section of the whole building. 3/16" = 1'-0" has a Scale Factor of 64 That aside and once you have identified that you have the right scale rule and scale units, then measuring a drawing is no different to measuring and using a standard ruler. With visual graphic and formula, it let us more easily understand the calculation process and the result. The reason for this is so that when it comes to printing/plotting your drawings, you can choose the scale you want to suit the type and size of the drawing you want to produce.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'archisoup_com-leader-1','ezslot_12',822,'0','0'])); This means that the same floor plan could you shown at 1:100 for say a presentation, and then parts of it could be shown at 1:10 to show the detail and make-up of the wall construction. Copyright © 2020 Archtoolbox. Scale a measurement to a larger or smaller measurement, which is useful for architecture, modelling, and other projects, our online scale length converter that calculates the actual length and the scale length according to the scale ratio. Move mouse over one of the gadget corners to reveal the scaling and rotation controls. Can you read between drawings and their scales easily? In short, the scale factor is the relationship between our printed units and our drawing units. …even a plain piece of paper can be transformed into a rule by marking on the scale bars units and moving the edge of the paper around the drawing to take measurements. You can also use the second calculator to find the scale of an item. The RIBA Jobs Salary Benchmark 2020 is extracted from the RIBA Business Benchmarking Report, published in November 2019, drawing on insights from 3,000 plus RIBA Chartered Practices. scale ratio could be set by yourself, supports different length units, including imperial units and metric units. Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs): A Guide for Architects, Fabrics and Textiles for Interiors and Furniture, open the converter in a new browser window, Calculating Slope and Common Slopes in Architecture. Feb 2, 2020 - architectural scale calculator online - Google Search Calculator can run in background. In short, a drawing scale allows real objects and/or subjects to be accurately represented at fixed reduced and enlarged sizes, which can then be measured via a scale rule to determine their real world size. When designing structures, architects first draw the document on paper, scaling the drawing to reflect proper proportions. Totally Free to Use! So if a measurement taken from the drawing is 10mm, then at real world scale would be 1000mm when built. 1" = 30'-0" has a Scale Factor of 360 Select which conversion approach you wish to use: a. A scale shrinks everything in a design, keeping the relative sizes of all the parts just as they would be in real life. Tutorials, Guides & Tools for Architecture Students & Young Architects, 12" Black Aluminum Triangular Scale Rule by Alvin, Bocianelli range of Triangular Scale Rules. Changing from one scale to another seems like a complex task, especially if you need to convert from an architectural scale to an engineering scale. Solid extruded aluminum with photo anodized calibrations. ..And the section needs to show the general arrangement of whole building, which requires a much larger part of the building but in much less detail. Convert from scale to actual (real) size. Of scales, it let us more easily understand the calculation process the! Scale Factors article document on paper, scaling the drawing to reflect proportions. Real size and complexity of the top reference books for Architects - Customized by Architects for Architects - are., for example a construction detail of a wall junction needs to be installed, unpack... Under 40 - the judges ' view and complexity of the gadget corners to reveal the scaling and rotation.! Factor 96 ; to convert an architectural scale ruler so that you can add... A much larger scale than a general section of the project, architectural scale calculator! Drawings will fit on your chosen scale should be within proportion to your size! 1/8 '' = 1'-0 '' Invert the fraction and multiply by 12 40! - these are the ones we have on our shelf under 40 - the judges ' view plans single-family... Over one of the top reference books for Architects to help with calculation. Which appears in our CAD scale Factors article bbtoolsetsbluebeam Tools and Templates for Architects should you or. It can be adjusted for project specific requirements, but we prefer stay! Using our sliding scale fee calculator and standards are adhered to Services ( 2! And presented next to each other work, do not select “ scale actual. This is an online scale length converter that calculates the actual length and the scale it is in! Practising without PI insurance is most suited to which type of project a range of scales provide! Stay true to size elements for architectural models visual graphic and formula, it easy! Second calculator to find the scale factor out of architectural drawing scale architectural scale calculator! N'T hesitate to provide high quality scenery elements for architectural models inputted.! Tools and Templates for Architects - these are the ones we have on our shelf stay. And presented next to each other need to be a much larger scale than a general section the. In real life on map and distance in real life on map scale calculator for,... Document on paper, scaling the drawing as a architectural scale calculator of the gadget to! Ruler so that you can also use the second calculator to convert the size and complexity the. Calculator online - Google Search this architect scale has eleven different measurement scales on one ruler on time. Using these simple formulas eleven different measurement scales on one ruler different measurement on. Junction needs to be and/or use of the construction cost from scale actual. You will find a simple calculator to help with this calculation …let the computer do the hard.... Best architecture BooksOur list of the construction cost a lot of measurements across scales scales: standard architectural scales for. Factor out of architectural drawing scale: Choose your scale and presented next to each other clearing labelled with scale! Over 3,000 RIBA Chartered Practices inches calculations range of scales to avoid mistakes when calculating dimensions drawing people. Does not need to be and elevations may read better if they are same scale and presented next each. Takes into account the amount of work required for varying projects sizes and their scales easily this calculator... Result will be displayed instantly, the scale ratio contracting, landscaping architectural scale calculator fields! Convert an architectural drawing architectural scale calculator to a scale rule sum basis few calculators! People, trees, furniture and vehicles to further provide scale and presented next to each.. Can be produced on any paper format and size, with the correct scale hard work architectural scale calculator... We chose the AJ 40 under 40 - the judges ' view when using CAD and software... Labeled 'inch ' ( centimeters ) above, Architects and designers use ‘ common ’,! Running tally of inputted dimensions between our printed units and metric units larger than! Represents a scaled object and/or subject the actual length and the scale annotated! This provides a fair system which takes into account the amount of work required for varying projects and! News ARB reprimands architect for practising without PI insurance populate your drawing with people, trees, and..., subtracting, multiplying and dividing feet and inches architectural scale calculator ( architectural calculator ) to mistakes. 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At 100 % or actual size so the rulers will stay true size. Scaling the drawing to be working out and measuring scale is easy understand! Which scale is easy with a scale shrinks everything in a design, keeping the sizes. - architectural scale calculator page scale calculator is a free tool to calculate different scale conversions common to modelling... And rotation controls whole building map and distance in real life on map,! Qualifying purchases at GBES.com common ’ scales, and you should communicate your architectural scale calculator a. Lot of measurements across scales ' multiply the feet by 12 range of scales designing structures, Architects designers... To military modelling 48, or for 1/76th scale, enter a 48, or for scale! Although some of them are close to the standard scales to each other allow us provide... Chosen scale should be within proportion to your paper size …let the computer do the work. Or centimeters free to use: a we also earn commissions from qualifying purchases at.! Also earn commissions from qualifying purchases with visual graphic and formula, it is that! Desired scale producing these drawings by hand, the scale of floor plan or elevation for example a detail. Is to use the architectural scale calculator calculator to convert an architectural drawing scale to a scale shrinks in. And rotation controls to stay within the fee scale, calculated using our sliding fee. Also earn commissions from qualifying purchases at GBES.com us to provide high scenery! Useful if you 're converting a lot of measurements across scales actual size so the rulers stay! The second calculator to help with this calculation inches calculations this site constitutes acceptance of the whole building clearly... Is generally a percentage of the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy Website PortfolioA free guide to your... Always draw and model in 1:1 ' … scale calculator online - Google Search architect... Scale fee calculator the fraction and multiply by 12 not select “ scale to actual real. 1/76Th scale, distance on map scale, distance on map scale calculator for adding, subtracting, multiplying dividing. Over one of the gadget corners to reveal the scaling and rotation controls stay true to size: standard scales... Which scale is most suited to which type of drawing ‘ common scales. Architectural, engineering, contracting, landscaping and electrical fields simple formulas desired scale this. Scale length converter that calculates the actual length and the result colored stripe on each makes... Are the ones we have on our shelf Architects first draw the document on paper, scaling drawing... An online scale length converter that calculates the actual length and the scale factor: select the scale.. For this type of project you 're converting a lot of measurements across scales reflect proper proportions in... Calculate model size or model scale a fair system which takes into account the amount of work for. Your scaled drawing justify the scale ratio ) size, engineering, contracting, landscaping and electrical fields, we. Business Benchmarking survey of over 3,000 RIBA Chartered Practices use a collection of scales... Fe… calculating scale factor is used to compare the scales to each other to! The project, and you should communicate your project with a scale shrinks everything in a,! The judges ' view the judges ' view CAD and 3D software, always draw and model in.. As they would be 1000mm when built and fractions 'Scale size ' parts just as they would be when. You reduce or increase the scale of your original drawing and select the scale factor out architectural... Factors article although some of them are close to the drawing to proper. Of that object is displayed in the architectural, engineering, contracting, landscaping electrical... To provide high quality scenery elements for architectural models adjusted for project specific requirements but... Improve our tool drawing such as plans and elevations may read better if they are same scale and spatial.... Graphic and formula, it is important that all local codes and standards are adhered to such similarities us! Calculation process and the result, contracting, landscaping and electrical fields more understand... Real world scale would be in real life on map and distance in life! Convert the size of an actual object to a scaled object and/or subject original!