Hundreds of Auction Advertisements for Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia. “Think outside the box. The grain route. It's the end of December, & no hay. Not only will hay be in high demand in the Midwest and Illinois, but extreme drought in the Southwest will also increase the national demand for hay.". At $2 per bushel, or $71 per ton, corn is not only cheaper than hay, but it also boasts a much higher energy value. Up-to-date agriculture news in your inbox! Alternative feeding methods can reduce cost without affecting productivity, and August is … My cows weigh 1000 to 1150 pounds. ble protein, which is adequate for wintering most mature pregnant beef cows. Usually provides adequate levels of nutrients to winter a pregnant cow. In the fall, wet, cold conditions negate the natural insulation value of the hair coat … This practice allows cattle to consume hay without the close contact of hay … Again, the amount and type of supplement depends on stage of production and cow size. Finding hay at that price is rare in Ohio, according to Loerch, who also noted that most farmers can’t even produce hay that inexpensively. Second, in the process of searching out all of the grain, they can trample in the husks and leaves, which is more of a problem in wet years.". The second concept to keep in mind is organization. He's never put a dollar value on the near elimination of hay from his ranch, but researchers have put a value on it. I would think for one or two cows it would be easier to purchase your feed than to cut hay but you must remember that a cow must be able to wrap their tongue around grass to be able to graze and when it gets Alberta cold, they do need a fair amount of feed to get by. The reader is cautioned not to draw early conclusions from this preliminary investigation. Cow growth, body condition, hay intake, fat depth, and waste data were collected for three years. Two options exist for grazing cornstalks — continuous grazing or strip-grazing. That would be approximately 25 pounds per day for 120 days or about 3,000 pounds of hay per cow. Feeding hay to cattle is expensive. However, some types of mold may cause abortion in pregnant cows. Portable water tanks will work, but if you plan to graze into the winter, then you will want to consider a heating source for the water. (You can contact Andrea Myers at 1-800-837-3419, ext. First, you need to identify a water source. "If you allow the cows access to the entire field, they will eat all the grain first. © 2020 Farm and Dairy is proudly produced in Salem, Ohio, Ohio’s successful deer-gun hunting season results in, Ohio state legislature passes bill to reopen county fairs, State goes high tech to control feral swine, 10 cows to no cows: when doing it all becomes too…, Dairy Channel: Even rain won't dispel worries over quality of this year's dairy feed, 2002 Butler Farm Show sale totals $86,828, 10 cows to no cows: when doing it all becomes too much, Going out: when going big in dairy isn’t enough anymore. However, lactating cows may need as much as 12 to 15 pounds of co-product. Strip graze,” he said. As winter approaches, the tame pasture should be used first, native range grass hay,or 1 pound of corn will replace 1.7 pounds of grass hay in a beef cow ration. Such strategies may be of particular relevance during periods 1999; 77 (Suppl 1):9. 22, or by e-mail at amyers@farmanddairy.com.). “Producers always assume they have to bale and feed hay.”. They were also fed corn during days of snow cover, approximately 14 days each winter. "Unfortunately, cows aren't very good at eating only what they need," he said. However, there are other options of maintaining a cow through the winter that are more cost-effective. Prolonged drought last summer upset haymaking plans. Just don’t turn a whole herd loose on the whole area. The dry cows and heifers bale feeders ran out. For spring … Page 7 — 2004 Nebraska Beef Report A System for Wintering Spring-Calving Bred Heifers Without Feeding Hay feed costs. All rights reserved. The requirements of gestating cows can often be met by 5 to 8 pounds of distillers grains or corn gluten feed in addition to ad libitum access to cornstalk bales. But, if snow covers the grass deeply or weather gets quite cold, they may need hay. The exact amount depends on cow size, milk production levels and the analysis of the cornstalks (or soybean stubble, wheat straw, poor quality hay). Featuring Specialty Antique Auctions, Stores and Shows, Hundreds of Classifieds, Autos & Real Estate Listings. In addition, producers must consider fencing options. However, litter supplementation will also reduce wintering costs for this class of beef cows. Whole-shelled – not ground – corn is recommended for the mixed diet feeding method. However if you have calves on the cows, or are trying to keep gain on a finishing animal (we expect our cows to take the calves through to march, and are still selling finished animals)...some additional hay goes a long way when there's snow. J Anim Sci. If no, stop. – Wintering cows in a year with bad hay or shortages of hay proves challenging to beef farmers. "If you offer a high-quality hay, they will actually eat more than if they are fed a lower-quality hay or a crop residue such as cornstalks, soybean stubble or wheat straw.". As winter approaches, the tame pasture should be used first, native range next, and hay last. Thus you will also double your winter feed costs, which at current prices can easily add $300 per cow. Grazing corn stalks is enough. If cows cannot be divided into three groups, combine the heifers and the old, thin cows in one group. They all figure 35 acres to graze year round and have grass through the snow and just the fact that you have to KNOW you can get through if your plan is to spend nothing. Being on mother’s milk through winter without the stress of weaning keeps calves healthy. Estimating forage usage by cows is an important part of the task of calculating winter feed needs. "The wet spring, followed by an extremely hot and dry summer, reduced hay production even further. Producers make hay off the pasture in the spring to feed during winter,” said Steven Loerch, a researcher with the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center in Wooster, during a presentation at the Agricultural Systems and the Environment field day in early July. KIRKSVILLE, Mo. He plants a cover crop mix that includes oats, radish and sorghum hybrid. Cattle on this corn-based nutrition program also need to be fed a small amount of hay, since forage is essential to maintaining a healthy rumen. forage. Better-quality forage should be offered during the winter to keep cows in condition. In the DL system, cows were fed daily with a feed wagon and tractor. The ration can be cheapened by balancing it out with about 15 pounds of lower quality roughage such as non-legume hay, grass straw, or cereal straw. Raising cattle without hay Discussion in 'Cattle' started by adamtheha, Jun 17, 2007. Schils RLM, Eriksen J, Ledgard SF, Vellinga … Roll out those bales and allow cows to selectively eat the hay. Crediting the fertilizer value of the hay back to the purchase price, a $40 1,000-pound roll of hay costs $22.75. Previous Ohio State research shows that whole corn works better when the daily intake of hay per cow is limited to five pounds or less. There are a number of strategies employed by livestock producers to incorporate feeds of differing value in a wintering program. Cattle can generally tolerate dustier hay than can horses, and can even eat a little mold without problems. You can easily double your hay usage, if your method of feeding is to place bales out in the pasture or lot without any type of feeder. Auburn University research indicates at least a $28-per-cow savings in wintering cost from stockpiling and grazing fescue. Table 2,which is based on TDN value of feeds,shows the price that could be paid for various HEFs in relation to the price of grass hay.For example,if good­quality grass hay costs $50 per ton delivered,you could Distillers grains and corn gluten feed are both high in protein and phosphorous. "With more acres going toward corn and soybean production, acres in hay production are lower than normal," said Dan Shike, University of Illinois beef cattle nutritionist and professor in the Department of Animal Sciences. Faulkner says they do monitor the cows’ body condition through winter and adjust rations to keep them in good shape. Feeding $3.00 per bushel corn to the dry spring-calving cow is not a good investment. Feeding cake, mineral & salt. So we added another hay bale. 1999, 77 (Suppl 1): 9. “Favorable prices make this a good time to cull unproductive cows.” Burris said producers should calculate the amount of hay they need to feed cows through the winter. Providing ad libitum access to cornstalk bales and offering a co-product supplement is also a good option. Of course, it's cheaper to let the cows harvest the cornstalks, Shike said. These Otherwise, it’s the cheapest winter feeding method available.”. “If you have other uses for your pasture that will generate more money than that, then stockpiling forage is not the best option. In northern Kansas, for the last two years, a neighbor has been able to feed his herd of 40-50 head of cattle until March or April without using hay. This is the key. Adjust feed for cold weather How much hay or supplement a cow needs depends on weather conditions, cow age and body condition, available pasture or crop residue, and reproductive stage of the cow. Table 2,which is based on TDN value of feeds,shows the price that could be paid for various HEFs in relation to the price of grass hay.For example,if good­quality grass hay costs $50 per ton delivered,you could This week’s snowy weather has reminded cow calf producers that winter hay feeding has begun or will begin shortly. Gunter SA, Cassida KM, Beck PA, Phillips JM: Winter-annual grasses as a supplement for beef cows. Loerch also noted the paddocks could have support twice as many cattle if they were rotated daily. Cattle from multiple pastures can be managed to be totally confined, confined for a few hours, or free to enter and exit the structure as they please. Recent analyses show that hay costs between $0.02 and $0.07 per pound of dry matter; usually more than double the cost for the same amount of nutrients from pasture. ", https://www.farmprogress.com/sites/all/themes/penton_subtheme_farmprogress/images/logos/footer.png. Producers can benefit from finding a way to use these products in cow-calf operation rations, especially in cases where extra protein is needed such as with poor quality hay. First, you need to identify a water source. The cubes cost $12 to $15 per cow. You’re not locked into feeding hay,” he said. J Anim Sci. For example, assume avail-able forage for grazing or feeding includes some tame pasture (such as coastal bermudagrass), some native range, and some hay. However, there are significant differences in the variety, quality and availability of hay, which can make feeding your livestock a time-consuming chore. The 'waste' will grow more than 2-3 times the amount of grass for the following years to come, the extra water holding capacity from the mulch or litter is carbon and food for the soil biology. 18 months gluten feed are both high in protein ( wheat, peas, lentils, chick peas ) reduce. 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