Over 300 million tons of plastic are produced every year for use in a wide variety of applications. The World Conservation Congress (Members’ Assembly) is IUCN's highest decision-making body. Until the 1980s IUCN favored the "Yellowstone Model" of conservation which called for the removal of humans from protected areas. The World Conservation Congress and the World Parks Congress events organised by IUCN are the largest gatherings of organisations and individuals involved in conservation worldwide. IUCN has a growing program of partnerships with the corporate sector on a regional, national, and international level to promote sustainable use of natural resources. According to some, IUCN has considerable influence in defining what nature conservation actually is. [21], The IUCN head office is in Gland, Switzerland. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, also called IUCN Red List, one of the most well-known objective assessment systems for classifying the status of plants, animals, and other organisms threatened with extinction. [18], On the national level, IUCN helps governments prepare national biodiversity policies. This period saw the beginning of a gradual change in IUCN's approach to conservation in which it tried to become more appealing to the developing world. Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to sustainable development in its projects. It advises UNESCO on natural world heritage. [34], Increased profile and recognition: 1956–1965, Consolidating its position in the international environmental movement: 1966–1975, The World Conservation Strategy 1975–1985, Championing Nature-based Solutions: 2009 to present day, The information in the section on history is largely based on, IUCN—International Union for the Conservation of Nature, African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage, World Business Council for Sustainable Development, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Kenya: The Maasai Stand up to IUCN Displacement Attempts from their Forest", "Environmentalists Spar Over Corporate Ties", "Global Business and Biodiversity Programme", "Environmentalists spar over corporate ties", "077 – Defining Nature-based Solutions | 2016 Congress portal", "What's an EKOCENTER and what does it do? It publishes or co-authors more than 100 books and major assessments every year, along with hundreds of reports, documents and guidelines. Closer to business: 2000 to present day Is 2021 the year we make nature part of the mainstream in our economies, societies, and everyday lives? They jointly organized the 1949 Conference on Protection of Nature Lake Success, USA and drafted the first list of Gravely endangered species. But such an assessment does not inherently carry the force of law, and IUCN Red List Endangered status doesn’t mean the same thing as being considered endangered under the U.S. … Additional sources of income are the membership fees, as well as grants and project funding from foundations, institutions and corporations. IUCN Red List of Ecosystems @redlisteco While controlled fire burns can help rejuvenate an area, intervals between burns must be closely monitored Fire in… It has established a worldwide network of governmental and non-governmental organisations, involves experts in the IUCN Commissions, has formal ties to international agreements and intergovernmental organisations and increasingly also partnerships with international business. At the time of its founding IUPN was the only international organisation focusing on the entire spectrum of nature conservation (an international organisation for the protection of birds, now BirdLife International, had been established in 1922.). IUCN President Zhang Xinsheng speaking at the 2018 Global Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation in Bonn    The Definition of IUCN is given above so check it out related information. Resolution 1296, adopted in 1968, granted 'consultative' status to NGOs. IUCN has more than 1,200 member organizations including 200+ government and 900+ non-government organizations. Photo: IUCN. What is the meaning of IUCN? Most prominent in the Business and Biodiversity Program is the five-year collaboration IUCN started with the energy company Shell International in 2007.[9][10]. IUCN's stated goal is to expand the global network of national parks and other protected areas and promote good management of such areas. In 1982, IUCN set up a Conservation for Development Centre within its secretariat. Commission on Ecosystem Management (CEM): integrated ecosystem approaches to the management of natural and modified ecosystems. had a West-European or North-American perspective on global conservation. IUCN has official relations with the multiple other international bodies.[19]. ; At least 8 million tons of plastic end up in our oceans every year, and make up 80% of all marine debris from surface waters to deep-sea sediments. Since 1980, IUCN has established offices in more than 50 countries.[22]. The IUCN is a group of researchers, scientists, governments, conservation organizations, and administrators from around the world that monitor the planet’s species. It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global … The IUCN is the world’s oldest global environmental organization. IUCN itself was eventually accredited with six UN organizations. IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment and development challenges. [27] The fact that, at least until the 1990s, most of IUCN staff, the chairs of the Commissions and the IUCN President came from western countries has also led to criticism. The Congress convenes every four years. IUCN. IUCN was established on 5 October 1948, in Fontainebleau, France, when representatives of governments and conservation organizations spurred by UNESCO signed a formal act constituting the International Union for the Protection of Nature (IUPN). Its purpose is to preserve nature and, for this reason, it seeks to solve the most urgent environmental problems. Read more ...      How we operate | Our governance | Donors and Partners | Newsroom | Reporting. This marked a phase of closer cooperation with WWF, but the close ties between IUCN and WWF were severed in 1985 when WWF decided to take control of its own field projects, which so far had been run by IUCN. [3], IUCN has a membership of over 1,400 governmental and non-governmental organizations. The Strategy was followed in 1982 by the World Charter for Nature, which was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, after preparation by IUCN. The IUCN is composed by 6 commissions, among which there is the Species Survival Commission (SSC), which have more than 10,000 volunteer experts from all over the world, distributed in different working groups. Archived Collaborations. Internationally, IUCN provides advice to environmental conventions such as the Convention on Biological Diversity, CITES and the Framework Convention on Climate Change. [10] IUCN's close partnership with Coca-Cola in Vietnam – where they have together been launching Coca-Cola-focused community centers – has also drawn some criticism and allegations of greenwashing. Some critics point to the fact that many individuals involved in the establishment of IUCN had been leading figures in the British Society for the Preservation of the Wild Fauna of Empire, which wanted to protect species against the impact of ‘native’ hunting pressure in order to safeguard hunting by Europeans. Founded in 1948, today IUCN the largest professional global conservation network. Some 16,000 scientists and experts participate in the work of IUCN commissions on a voluntary basis. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) lists itself as the oldest global environmental organization. IUCN's best known publication, the Red Data Book on the conservation status of species, was first published in 1964. Influence, encourage and assist societies in a combined effort to conserve nature and accelerate the transition to sustainable development. It uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. (WWF in 60s, UNEP in 70s, IPCC in 80s, Kyoto etc in 90s) Observe this Timeline The Programme ensures that the Business Engagement Strategy is implemented through IUCN's global thematic and regional programmes as well as helps guide the work of IUCN's six Commissions. There may be more than one meaning of IUCN, so check it out all meanings of IUCN one by one. IUCN | How we operate | Our governance | Donors and Partners | Newsroom | Reporting, ©2021 IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN President Zhang Xinsheng speaking at the 2018 Global Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation in Bonn, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP), World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL), World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). This was caused by unwillingness to act on the part of governments, uncertainty about the IUPN mandate and lack of resources. IUCN works on the basis of four-year programs, determined by the membership. IUCN or the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources is the world’s largest and most important conservation network. IUCN's mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any … Rate it: IUCN. The maintenance of the list is a complex process, involving the work of several organizations and requiring constant new research to update status. IUCN definition / IUCN means? IUCN states that it aims to have a solid factual base for its work and takes into account the knowledge held by indigenous groups and other traditional users of natural resources. The initiative to set up the new organisation came from UNESCO and especially from its first Director General, the British biologist Julian Huxley. It was involved in establishing the World Wide Fund for Nature and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. IUCN's current President is Zhang Xinsheng. [28][29][30] Its decision to hold the 2012 World Conservation Congress on Jeju Island, South Korea, where the local community and international environmental activists were protesting against the construction of a navy base also led to controversy. It provides public, private and non-governmental organisations with the knowledge and tools that enable human progress, economic development and nature conservation to take place together. The IUCN Secretariat works with Member organisations and IUCN Commissions to move the vision of IUCN’s membership into action. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data Book), founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species. Commission on Environmental, Economic, and Social Policy (CEESP): economic and social factors for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), in full International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, formerly called World Conservation Union, network of environmental organizations founded as the International Union for the Protection of Nature in October 1948 in Fontainebleau, France, to promote nature conservation and the ecologically … Nature-based solutions (NbS) use ecosystems and the services they provide to address societal challenges such as climate change, food security or natural disasters.[11]. IUCN's mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable". IUCN is a membership Union composed of government as well as civil society organisations. The members decided against this, but IUCN did forge a partnership with the World Business Council for Sustainable Development. ", "Never mind the greenwash – Coca Cola can never be 'water neutral, "Jeju island navy base controversy divides iucn", "Big increase in Earth's protected areas", IUCN and UNEP World Database on Protected Areas, International Union for the Conservation of Nature oral history interview (Prof. Pimlott's remarks), University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, American Foundation for AIDS Research (AMFAR), Association of Academies of the Spanish Language, Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, Spanish Organization for the Blind (ONCE), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=International_Union_for_Conservation_of_Nature&oldid=1004687326, International Union for Conservation of Nature, International environmental organizations, Scientific organizations established in 1948, United Nations General Assembly observers, Intergovernmental environmental organizations, International organisations based in Switzerland, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, CHF 140.7 million / US$ 148 million (2019), International Union for the Protection of Nature, 1948: International Union for the Protection of Nature (IUPN) established, 1956: Name changed to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), 1959: UNESCO decides to create an international list of Nature Parks and equivalent reserves, and the United Nations Secretary General asks the IUCN to prepare this list, 1974: IUCN is involved in obtaining the agreement of its members to sign a Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (, 1975: The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (, 1982: Following IUCN preparation and efforts, the. – Roland Siller, KfW Management Committee. [25], IUCN is considered one of the most influential conservation organisations and, together with World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the World Resources Institute (WRI), is seen as a driving force behind the rise of the influence of environmental organisations at the UN and around the world.[7][26]. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is a membership Union uniquely composed of both government and civil society organisations. Africa was the focus of many of the early IUCN conservation field projects. In summary, the IUCN Red List is a collection of the best available scientific data analyzed and summarized by an international team of experts—such an assessment is not an opinion and not a guess. The IUCN Council is the principal governing body of IUCN between sessions of the World Conservation Congress. IUPN was successful in engaging prominent scientists and identifying important issues such as the harmful effects of pesticides on wildlife but not many of the ideas it developed were turned into action. IUCN is the global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to safeguard it, such as data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy and … Till now you might have got some idea about the acronym, abbreviation or meaning of IUCN ; Marine species ingest or are entangled by plastic debris, which causes severe injuries and deaths. The IUCN Red List of Ecosystems is applicable at local, national, regional and global levels. 1. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE & natural resources Prepared by: Bhavyasree R K PhD Genetics and Plant Breeding. In 1991, IUCN (together with UNEP and WWF) published Caring for the Earth, a successor to the World Conservation Strategy.[7].   to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature [16][17] In particular, it focuses on greater protection of the oceans and marine habitats. The Council provides strategic direction for the activities of the Union, discusses specific policy issues and provides guidance on finance and the membership development of the Union. IUCN has more than 1,200 member organizations including 200+ government and 900+ non-government organizations. 2016: Created a new IUCN membership category for indigenous peoples’ organisations. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data Book), founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources ) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. What is IUCN? [3], IUCN has observer and consultative status at the United Nations and plays a role in the implementation of several international conventions on nature conservation and biodiversity. It has a formally accredited permanent observer mission to the United Nations. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world’s oldest and largest global environmental organisation. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is a union with more than 1,000 government and NGO member organizations, and about 11,000 scientists from 160 countries. Discover IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), the world's largest global environmental network. Over 300 million tons of plastic are produced every year for use in a wide variety of applications. The Red List is the formidable list based on which governments; countries and organisation get to know which species are in the verge of extinction and thus where conservation efforts have to be made. ; Marine species ingest or are entangled by plastic debris, which causes severe injuries and deaths. The drafting process – and the discussions with the UN agencies involved – led to an evolution in thinking within IUCN and growing acceptance of the fact that conservation of nature by banning human presence no longer worked. IUCN does not itself aim to mobilize the public in support of nature conservation. Resolution 1.81 of the IUCN World Conservation Congress held that year "urged IUCN Members and the Director General, based on the need to influence private sector policies in support of the Mission of IUCN, to expand dialogue and productive relationships with the private sector and find new ways to interact with members of the business community". The increased attention on sustainable development as a means to protect nature brought IUCN closer to the corporate sector. Its Red List of Threatened Species (commonly called the IUCN Red List) was created in 1964 and has become the most comprehensive global inventory of at-risk species. [26] IUCN's cooperation with Shell came in for criticism, also from its own membership. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) unveiled this assessment system in It produces the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems. Academic & Science » Societies. So far, IUCN has assessed 116,000 species of plants and animals! Some key dates in the growth and development of IUCN: According to its website, IUCN works on the following themes: business, climate change, economics, ecosystems, environmental law, forest conservation, gender, global policy, marine and polar, protected areas, science and knowledge, social policy, species, water and world heritage.[13]. IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, was established on 5 October … [31], IUCN has a wide range of publications, reports, guidelines and databases (including the Global Invasive Species Database) related to conservation and sustainable development. [18], The six IUCN Commissions involve volunteer experts from a range of disciplines. The Red List has a series of specialist groups, composed of scientific experts knowledgeable about the population status of species of interest. Far more than a list of species and their status, it is a powerful tool to inform and catalyse action for biodiversity conservation and policy change, critical to protecting the natural resources we need to survive. Education has been part of IUCN's work program since the early days but the focus is on stakeholder involvement and strategic communication rather than mass-campaigns.[15]. The IUCN Secretariat focusses its work on key themes and is organised into 11 operational regions in order to anchor its knowledge locally and better serve Members’ needs. Initially, the focus of power was still with the Headquarters in Gland but the regional offices and regional members’ groups gradually got a bigger say in operations. IUCN is a membership Union composed of both government and civil society organisations. 'International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. [14] The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. This is a step towards protecting 17 percent of land and 10 percent of ocean environments on Earth by 2020 since an agreement between the world's nations at the Convention on Biological Diversity, held in Japan in 2010. and ensure that any use of natural resources is It was started in 1948, with its main office in Gland, Switzerland.The IUCN brings together 83 states, 108 government agencies, 766 Non-governmental … The IUCN Global Business and Biodiversity Program (BBP) was established in 2003 to influence and support private partners in addressing environmental and social issues. Eight regional offices headed by a director implement IUCN's program in their respective territories. Photo: © ICLEI. IUCN. [32] In 2015, 76 IUCN articles were published in peer reviewed scientific journals. IUCN began to play a part in the development of international treaties and conventions, starting with the African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Previously, the volunteer Commissions had been very influential, now the Secretariat and its staff began to play a more dominant role. In recent years, its closer relations with the business sector have caused controversy.[4][5]. This diversity and vast expertise makes IUCN the global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to safeguard it. The IUCN Council is the principal governing body of IUCN. Download the PDF of IUCN Red List What is IUCN? This represented 61% of its income in 2012. The current IUCN Director General is Bruno Oberle, as of July 2020. Species Survival Commission (SSC): technical aspects of species conservation and action for species that are threatened with, 2020: Spanish health workers on the front line against, This page was last edited on 3 February 2021, at 21:38. 2003: Establishment of the IUCN Business and Biodiversity Program, 2008: Stopped using World Conservation Union as its official name and reverted its name back to International Union for Conservation of Nature. Several European countries began to channel considerable amounts of bilateral aid via IUCN's projects. In the past, IUCN has been criticized for placing the interests of nature over those of indigenous peoples. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) also known as the World Conservation Union. This marked a shift within the organisation. Commission on Education and Communication (CEC): communication, learning and knowledge management in IUCN and the wider conservation community. 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