Timothy hay in the Pacific Northwest is primarily grown for export to Japan to be used for feed in dairy herds. Statewide, average alfalfa hay yields on dryland are about 1.2 tons per acre, and 3.4 tons per acre … Chlorophyll SPAD meters are commercially available from several suppliers. He was talking about working the “carriage trade”, horse folks with extra money, They want small square bales, not 1000 pound round bales full of dust. For me gross income per production acre is about 200$ but net profit has been working out to 1$ per year the last couple of years. If you are having problems logging in please use the Contact Us in the lower right hand corner of the forum page for assistance. If your soil is testing low on nutrients, it is important to fertilize phosphorus at 1.5 to 4 times the removal rate by hay; otherwise you will only be getting yields between 40 and 60% of total hay potential from your fields. Appro-priate fertilization is almost always the key to proper livestock nutrition, economic stocking rates, yields, weed control, stand viability, length of grazing/production season and sustainability of the plant-animal system. additional 40 lb nitrogen/acre and 20–25 lb sulfur/acre resulted in significant additional forage for fall grazing . They receive an additional 50 pounds per acre of nitrogen after the first cutting. Grand Rapids Rosemount Morris … There are some who are able to consistently produce at this level, but these are the better producers farming very productive soils. Alfalfa gross per acre in previous years. Pure timothy fields, which are cut twice per year and yield about 5 tons per acre, are hit with 100 pounds of nitrogen, 20 pounds of phosphorus, and 80 pounds of potassium per acre in early spring. Each day alfalfa harvest is delayed results in 5 pts RFV loss – at a value of $9.00 per acre (assuming $0.90 per pt RFV on 2-ton yield of first cutting). As a rotation crop for timothy hay fields, ... hay processors and exporters were buying Sudan grass at $120 to $130 per ton, with growers getting yields at a little more than 3 1/2 tons per acre. Trial results indicate 20-30% yield increases over Clair, Climax and many other timothy varieties. Timothy hay is a very profitable cash crop produced on an estimated170,000 acres in Pennsylvania. The optimum nitrogen fertilizer treatment corresponded with a protein level of 9 percent in the hay at harvest. Apply 50 to 60 lb of N per acre in the spring when the timothy starts to become gree… Operating Costs Your Cost 1.01 Seed Establish 2.0 lbs/acre x $4.00 $/lb + $3.00 applicator rental ($/acre) = $11.00 $ /acre 1.02 Fertilizer Nitrogen 20 lbs/acre seeding Establish x $0.33 cost/lb seeding = $6.60 $ /acre 0000002089 00000 n Progressive Cattle magazine captures the essence of the cattle producer and ranching experience. For high productivity fields with excellent soil conditions, the average yield is around 7 tons, or 14,000 pounds of hay per acre that are usually bundled tighter and compacted into 85-plus lb. With the increase of zero grazing dairy farms, hay farming profit per acre as been increasing over the years. Then to get the animals to eat the corn shucks they had to pour molasses over the hay plus give them cotton seed meal so they could digest all that fiber. NASS publications cover a wide range of subjects, from traditional crops, such as corn and wheat, to specialties, such as mushrooms and flowers; from calves born to hogs slaughtered; from agricultural prices to land in farms. 0000003272 00000 n Production trends and demand. endstream endobj 153 0 obj <>/Metadata 16 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 15 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/StructTreeRoot 18 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20080220132057)/PageLabels 13 0 R>> endobj 154 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 155 0 obj <> endobj 156 0 obj <> endobj 157 0 obj <> endobj 158 0 obj <> endobj 159 0 obj <> endobj 160 0 obj <> endobj 161 0 obj <> endobj 162 0 obj <>stream in 1955 people would pay $0.50/bale of corn shucks, but would not pay $0.75/bale of alfalfa hay. Previous research has shown that on corn, the nitrogen status can be instantaneously assessed in the field using soil plant analysis development (SPAD) units to determine optimum fertilization. Both stages were a strong predictor with the vegetative stage, once again, slightly stronger, but both will be useful. The average total yield is 20-35 tons per hectare (or 8-14 tons per acre) per year (distributed in 5-6 cuts). For high productivity fields with excellent soil conditions, the average yield is around 7 tons, or 14,000 pounds of hay per acre that are usually bundled tighter and compacted into 85-plus lb. Progressive Forage is the Forage Industry Resource for progressive hay, silage and pasture producers. The forage is very palatable and nutritious to live stock, though slightly less palatable to cattle than brome grass and Kentucky blue grass. #��� �W8��� �#�^��e�v���v'Y1�k�d�]x�J-*Q�"e�fl��������;�E��?� This material is being submitted for a blind, peer-reviewed scientific journal article. Fertilizer and Nutrient Management of Timothy Hay Timothy has a relatively high demand for nutrients. Profit was maximized when using the SPAD meter 0.85 RCM at the vegetative stage. x�b```b``~�����������b,@��@A�ÍD����,�A�A��+K����D�XT ����\���j�xx&nc�X�}���N��e` ^��L�l!��!|N�C�6T�c"5� e�� 4,000 lb./65 lb. For us here in the Midwest, a mixed grass/legume hay can yield anywhere from one to five tons per acre for a full season. Timothy hay is Washington state’s largest- and highest-valued grass hay commodity. 0000003194 00000 n Sprinklers are an excellent method of making in-season nitrogen fertilizer adjustments at a low cost. It is important to realize that hay produced ... Lower yields and shorter stand life results in higher production costs of timothy hay, so it is generally appropriate only for high-value hay markets (such as the horse hay market). This level, but would not pay $ 0.50/bale of corn shucks, but both will be useful lb./ lb... 0.75/Bale of alfalfa hay yield was estimated at 2.05 tons per hectare ( or 8-14 tons per for! 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Too many plant a hay crop, grow it and figure they ’ ll sell it, ” says... Three locations use the Contact Us in the spring, timothy hay yield per acre summer or fall feed. 16 pounds of seed per acre in previous years = $ 1050 profit... And an easy-to-read magazine of expert information about the average total yield is 20-35 tons per acre of hay give! Farms, hay sold off the farm accounts for approximately $ 500 mil-lion income... Planting 16 pounds of soil nitrogen plus fertilizer ( soil + fertilizer ) with yield quality...