Considered by some to be just an invasive weed and by others as a culinary delight, cardoon plants are a member of the thistle family, and in appearance, are very similar to the globe artichoke; indeed it is also referred to as the artichoke thistle. Scottish thistle, native to and beloved in Scotland, is a thorny biennial plant with tall stems and purple flowers on top. Scottish thistle is also called cotton thistle or Scott's thistle. Ever present in fields and pastures throughout Scotland, thistle has been Scotland's emblem for centuries. They are very similar to globe thistle (Echinops), but sea holly flowers have green or blue cones and a distinctive bract collar in silver, white, green or bluish-purple. Some prairie and wildflower seed production companies supply bulk seed for native North American thistle species, for wildlife habitat restoration, although availability tends to be low. Identify Scotch thistle (Onopordum acanthium) by its broad, large grayish-green leaves with thick, cottony hairs. The term thistle is sometimes taken to mean precisely those plants in the tribe Cardueae (synonym: Cynareae),[2] especially the genera Carduus, Cirsium, and Onopordum. Cirsium vulgare ranked in the top 10 for nectar production in a UK plants survey conducted by the AgriLand project which is supported by the UK Insect Pollinators Initiative. Seeds also contain a water-soluble germination inhibitor, making it successful in moist areas such as nearby streams and in riparian areas. Thistles continued to appear regularly on Scottish and later British coinage until 2008, when a 5p coin design showing "The Badge of Scotland, a thistle royally crowned" ceased to be minted, though it remains in circulation. Scotch thistle is the only member of this genus in BC. thistle the Scottish national emblem; the Order of the Thistle is the highest order of Scottish knighthood, instituted by James II in 1687 and revived by Queen Anne in 1703. The combination of thistle and motto first appeared on the bawbee issued by King Charles II. Onopordum acanthium (Cotton thistle, Scotch thistle, Scottish thistle,) is a native to Europe, North Africa and Asia, it is a vigorous, architectural biennial with coarse, spiny leaves and conspicuous spiny-winged stems. [7] Typical adverse effects are competition with crops and interference with grazing in pastures, where dense growths of spiny vegetation suppress forage plants and repel grazing animals from eating either the thistle plants or neighbouring forage. It is native to Europe and Western Asia from the Iberian Peninsula east to Kazakhstan , and north to central Scandinavia , and widely naturalised elsewhere, [1] [2] [3] with especially large populations present in the … Pull thistles before they bloom so their seeds don't spread in the wind. As part of the arms of the University of Edinburgh, the thistle appears together with a saltire on one of the escutcheons of the Mercat Cross in Edinburgh. This species unlike the other two Cirsium mentioned in this articles have a small purple tuft while others … Carduus is the Latin term for a thistle (hence cardoon, chardon in French), and Cardonnacum is the Latin word for a place with thistles. These prickles are an adaptation that protects the plant from being eaten by herbivores. Scotch thistle reproduces through thousands of seeds that remain viable in the soil for over 30 years. Sow the thistle seeds at a depth of three millimetres in the soil in the cleared space. 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