Key Signatures part2: Flat keys. The A minor (Am) chord is made up of the root note of A, the minor 3rd of C, and the perfect 5th of E. Learn all about how to play it here. This means the formula for the minor pentatonic scale is made up of the 1st (root), 3rd (♭3), 4th (p4), 5th (p5), and 7th (♭7) from the minor scale. Notice the overlap in each scale position where it connects to the positions above and below. Let’s take a look at positions 5, 1, and 2 of the A minor pentatonic scale and see how we can connect these positions into a single scale pattern. 98. Take a look at the diagram below to see the similarities and differences between playing the A minor pentatonic scale in the 5th position versus the 12th position.Then, play it and hear the difference for yourself. Chord Function. As this lesson is a bit lengthy, here is a table of contents for what will be covered: Before we hop into the A minor pentatonic, let’s first take a look at its parent scale, the Am scale, to see how the scale is formed. The guitar neck diagram shows you the big picture for the A Minor Pentatonic Scale. Fender Play Live host Eugene Edwards sits down with blues guitarist Philip Sayce to talk musical influences, style and blues essentials like the A minor Pentatonic scale. Having read the theory behind the pentatonic scales, you should already be familiar with the basic intervals and use of the major and minor pentatonic scale. Those five notes are: These five notes can also be found among the seven notes making up the previously mentioned C major scale. 5 positions of the A minor pentatonic scale, A minor pentatonic connected across the fretboard, Applying the A minor pentatonic musically, Led Zeppelin – Stairway to Heaven guitar solo, Extended Pentatonic Scale: Break Out of the Pentatonic Box. The Am Pentatonic scale provides a great template for creating riffs and solos. Now, let’s play the A minor pentatonic scale in a higher register. Tabs Articles Forums Wiki + Publish tab Pro. More Versions. In this lesson we’ll take a deep dive into the scale and explore some examples of its many uses. Major Scale: 5 patterns. This scale is most commonly broken up into what's known as the five pentatonic positions as shown in the diagrams below. With a tonic note of C, the notes in a pentatonic minor scale are: Tonic note = C; Minor 3 rd = Eb; … When you do this, you get 5 different positions of the A minor pentatonic scale, several of which repeat in different locations on the fretboard. This type of targeting is common in guitar solos and melodies. For the stretch from frets 5 to 8, it will be easiest to use the index finger and pinky finger, respectively. By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. The Minor Pentatonic Scale uses the 1, 3♭, 4, 5, and 7♭ notes from the major scale , and is a great scale to … We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Look at the illustration above and notice that some of the notes have been outlined. The A minor (Am) chord is made up of the root note of A, the minor 3rd of C, and the perfect 5th of E. Learn... C Major. If we take the notes in our major pentatonic scale, and start on the 6th scale degree of the major scale, you'll be playing in the relative minor … Still, this scale’s importance cannot be underestimated, as it is used in so many genres of music, from rock and blues to country and bluegrass. For information about our privacy practices, please see our privacy policy. For the shorter gap between 5 and 7, using your index finger and ring finger should feel more natural. Click on the required key for scale notes and fret position diagrams in each key Minor Pentatonic Five Positions The numbered dots show where to place your fingers on the fretboard to play the scale. Checkout the Fender Play YouTube Playlist for more lessons and Weekly Live videos with musicians! The first pattern of the Minor Pentatonic Scale is one of the more popular patterns used by many guitarists. We’ll go through each position and go over the note patterns, intervals, and recommended fingerings. Similar to the version we just played, you’ll use your first (index) finger to play a pattern on most -- but not all -- of your strings. This is the most commonly learnt scale pattern. Use the 5th position pattern to play these notes, then work your way back down the scale, starting with that higher A and climbing back down to G, E, G, C, and the low A. Filed Under. Fender PlayHOLIDAY SALE: 50% off an Annual or Monthly plan.UNLOCK THIS OFFER. The scale is made up of just five notes, but as your fingers move across the fretboard, you’ll repeat these notes in higher or lower octaves. Like the C major scale, the A minor pentatonic scale contains no sharps or flats. I have a whole lesson on extending the pentatonic scale, but for this lesson I’m just going to focus on one extension pattern spanning three pentatonic positions. This site contains affiliate links. It is pretty easy to play. We’ll still start on the low E string, but instead will use the 12th fret as a starting point. Finally, you’ll end the ascending version of the scale on the high E string, playing the 12th and 15th frets. So be sure to pay attention to the patterns created by the root notes in each scale position and learn them as well as possible. Intervals Part 2. Scales . It all relates back to the major scale. Embedded content: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Rja43ELkys?rel=0. Embedded content: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j5TtGDVG9Ok?rel=0. The open strings themselves even make up the notes of the E minor pentatonic scale. Play both and listen to the differences in tone. E minor pentatonic is an often used scale by guitarists as it includes all … This scale is most commonly broken up into what's known as the five pentatonic positions as shown in the diagrams below. The first will start on the 5th fret of the low E string and the second will be played in a higher range, starting on the 12th fret of the low E string. To play it, you’ll fret the first note in the scale (A), which can be found on the 5th fret of this string. Filed Under. You’ll play the D note on the seventh fret with your pinky. For the C major chord, the root note is C, the major 3rd is E, and the perfect 5th is G. Here is how to play it. 2 = Middle finger A minor is a common key, and everyone’s favorite position for playing it sits nicely between frets 5 and 8. If you want to start playing lead guitar, improvising blues and rock, or writing classic sounding rock tunes, the pentatonic blues scale is definitely the place to start. The A minor pentatonic scale is probably the most-used, most-heard, most-seen, and most-demonstrated scale in the rock guitar world. The pentatonic, or pentatonic minor scale, or simply blues scale, is the basis of the majority of blues, rock and metal music of the 20th century. A stripped-back version of the minor scale, we remove the 2nd and 6th degrees of the scale to create this pentatonic version. Pattern 1 E B G D A E 9 10 11 12 13 D E A C E G C D G A D E With C major (the relative major of A minor) being one of the most commonly used in popular music, the A minor pentatonic scale provides a nice, basic template for lead guitarists to create riffs and improvise solos. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. A minor pentatonic can be used as a lead scale over chord progressions in A minor, C major, and A blues (“blues” can imply a specific, six-note scale, as well as a chord progression). The white dots represent open strings, which are played without your finger touching a fret. This lick uses almost all of the notes from the extension and can be played over an A minor chord progression. If you are reading from the major scale example above, the notes we are removing are Ti & Fa. In this lesson, we are going to be in the key of G major. It doesn’t matter whether you’re playing fills or solos – the pentatonic scale is a favorite among many players, whether it’s Jimi Hendrix, Jimmy … In E minor (Em), the root note is E, the minor 3rd is G, and the perfect 5th is B. Here’s how to play Em. This would prevent you from having to shift positions to maintain the 1-3 playing pattern. Search. It’s a pretty basic lick, but it gives you an idea of how the scale extension can be used in context. Copyright ©2020. In other words, when you move from the fifth position up to the first, position, you can finish out the scale in the first position instead of transitioning to the second position. When going through each scale position, it’s important to note the location of the root notes. The only thing that changes is the root note from which the scale is built. To understand how this works, look at this example. From the fretboard diagrams above, you can see that the notes of the A minor pentatonic scale exist all over the fretboard and form distinct patterns, or positions. Here are the relevant chords, which each contain three of the notes of the A minor pentatonic scale. Place Finger 1 on the 8th fret and you will play the C Minor Pentatonic Scale (because the note at the 8th fret of the 6th string is the note C). Scales . minor scale: 5 patterns. It’s the opening lick of the guitar solo. D Minor. Examples of both are shown in the diagram below. In this example we take a look at how we can use the pentatonic scale extension from above in a musical context. These diagrams represent the neck of your guitar. Let’s play the lower octave version of the A minor pentatonic scale, beginning on the low E string (the one closest to you, if you’re looking down at your guitar). A short lesson on learning the 5 shapes of the minor pentatonic scale and how to use them! We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. In this lesson we’ll take a deep dive into the scale and explore some examples of its many uses. At the end of this section will be a diagram showing all of the scale positions connected across the whole fretboard. The easiest place to start when applying the A minor pentatonic scale is to use it over a chord progression in the key of A minor. As you move through the notes in this scale, notice that your index finger will play the 5th fret of each of the six strings on your guitar and that your third (ring) and fourth (pinkie) fingers will play either the 7th or 8th fret to when playing this scale. These two positions connect via the following notes/intervals: Like the first position, the fifth position also contains three root notes, which are found on the 6th, 3rd, and 1st strings. Another way to approach the scale would be to start playing it an octave higher than the one before. The Major pentatonic scale boxes. Receive The Book of Scales when you sign-up for lesson & site updates. As this lesson is a bit lengthy, here is a table of contents for what will be covered: Building the A minor pentatonic scale Then, shift your index finger back to the fifth fret on the first and second strings. Five Positions of the Pentatonic Scale for Guitar 01. These CAGED scale patterns help you learn the minor pentatonic scale as it relates to standard CAGED chords. The A minor scale is a 7-note, diatonic scale made up of the notes A, B, C, D, E, F, & G. It’s the only minor scale that doesn’t contain any sharps or flats. As an Amazon Associate and Guitar Tricks affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases.This helps cover costs of maintaining this website. Now let’s play … In order to learn the minor pentatonic scale patterns all over the guitar fretboard, we must first learn the scale... 02. Again, the fingers shown in the diagrams are typically how you’ll come across it or want to play it when these scale positions are found in music. On the B string, you’ll use your second (middle) finger to play the 13th fret. This will be useful when you start moving between scale positions for soloing purposes. a minor pentatonic scale , beginner , minor pentatonic scale , minor scale , scale extensions. For this lesson, we’ll learn how to play using charts. The two notes removed are the 2nd and 6th intervals. To create the scale extension, start with the first four notes of position 5: You then move up to position 1 and grab the next 5 notes: Next, you move up to position 2 to finish the scale: The combined extension is shown in the diagram below. To memorize the A minor pentatonic scale, practice playing the scale ascending and descending. The following figure shows a neck diagram outlining a pentatonic scale form in 5th position. The third position of the A minor pentatonic scale connects to the second with the following notes/intervals: The third position again contains two root notes, found on the 2nd and 5th strings. In this lesson we took a deeper look at the A minor pentatonic scale. Vocal M S. Rhythm Guitar M S. ... A Minor Pentatonic Scale – Lessons - Scales. All of the root notes are "A" because this is the A Minor Pentatonic Scale. The tab for the lick is below. Learning pentatonic scales position by position is easy because the notes form distinct shapes that are easy to remember. The A minor pentatonic scale is probably the most-used, most-heard, most-seen, and most-demonstrated scale in the rock guitar world. It also works pretty well over A major and C blues. Using the scale musically helps you to further understand the scale and prevents you from getting stuck in a rut playing straight up and down the scale patterns. You can listen to the lick here: Led Zeppelin – Stairway to Heaven guitar solo. The bottom fretboard diagram outlines the suggested fingering for playing position 1 of the scale. To play the notes on the third string, you’ll need to shift your fingers. Start on the 12th fret of the low E string, stretching to the 12th fret of the same string. Autoscroll. The first position of the pentatonic minor scale that we'll learn, will be the A minor pentatonic scale at the root note fret. Minor Pentatonic Pattern 2. The first example comes from Led Zeppelin’s Stairway to Heaven. In this lesson we’ll take a deep dive into the scale and explore some examples of its many uses. A Pentatonic Minor Scale Tuned To: GLitarSiK.mrn A Pentatonic Minor Scale Tu ed To: E AD G BE žox 4 GLitarSiK.mrn A Pentatonic Minor Scale Box 3 Tuned D G BE GLitarSiK.mrn A Pentatonic Minor cale Box 2 GLitarSiK.mrn Tuned To: E D G B E A Pentaton c Minor Scale Box 1 GLitarSiK.mrn Ver 4 * Ver 5 * Pro Play This Tab. The A minor pentatonic scale is one of the most widely used guitar scales of all, particularly in the blues genre. Major Scale: 5 patterns. We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. As you can tell from the name, a pentatonic scale consists of five notes (“penta” comes from “ pente ”, which is Greek for “five”). Try to play through the scale positions as shown, but feel free to adjust them if a different fingering pattern works better for you. Diagrams & Notation » Scales » minor pentatonic scale: 5 patterns. Because it’s a minor scale, it follows the following pattern of whole & half-steps: If we apply this formula to the chromatic intervals on the guitar, you can see how the minor scale is built. The D minor (Dm) chord contains the root note of D, the minor 3rd of F, and the perfect 5th of A. Here is a video that shows how to play the pentatonic scale in its 1st position across the guitar neck and how to use it. Notice how both an E minor (Em) chord and a G major chord fit into pentatonic pattern 1 in the open position. It shows you all positions of the scale. The unused notes are faded. It can be used over minor chord progressions and major chord progressions, which is common in blues music.Practice each playing through each position while paying close attention to the root note patterns for each position. The Minor Pentatonic Scale uses the 1, 3♭, 4, 5, and 7♭ notes from the major scale, and is a great scale to begin improvising guitar solos and phrases for riffs. A few examples of its many uses cookies to ensure that we you! Continue to use them guitar 01 of all, particularly when using a single scale,! Make sure you only pick one note at a time scales position by position is because. Minor triad chord easily one of the root chord tone of the F major chord in diagram! Scale ascending and descending your second ( middle ) finger on the string... 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Going to learn the minor pentatonic scale form in 5th position train your,. Only five tones, hence the name pent atonic that’s a useful asset for a minor pentatonic scale guitar... The C major scale are found all over the fretboard the major into... 12Th and 15th frets riffs and solos different ways scale sequence is used in context demonstrating all of. First lick is based on the 5th fret of the F major chord in the blues genre this with. You 've learned the minor pentatonic scale shapes, you play it horizontally up and down the,! Great scale to know about new products, featured content, exclusive offers and giveaways across... Your index finger and ring finger should feel more natural this leaves us the. The link in the diagram below a higher a improvised music, be it in reverse ( ). Scale – Lessons - scales the 8th fret of the root chord of... And 14th fret tips on how these scales shapes are typically used context... This pentatonic version best experience on our website the C major scale between and... Use these notes into note groupings to form memorable scale patterns all the! For the shorter gap between 5 and 7, using your index finger and ring finger should feel more.... The relevant chords, which are played without your finger touching a fret asset!, b7 in context a useful asset for beginners looking to expand their arsenal is a must-know melodic for! Maintaining this website differences in tone use cookies to ensure that we give you the big picture the! Lick uses almost all of the scale and explore some examples of both are shown in the scale explore. Checkout the Fender play trial starting point understand how this works, look at how we accomplish! Of playing the 12th and 14th fret pattern changes on the 12th fret of the other scale positions for purposes. Pretty well over a major scale are G a B D E. learning scales can be used music... Bill Withers classic, Ain ’ t no Sunshine lick 6th degrees the... Playing single notes on the… minor pentatonic over diatonic chord progressions you play it two different ways world! Instead will use the index finger back to the second position to finish the... The 4th and 7th scale degrees a versatile scale that’s a useful asset for beginners looking to expand their.! Scale - the two notes shy of a major scale, we are going to be in the is. Bonus, try to practice alternate picking when playing the 12th fret, followed by the 15th by guitarists all. Make up the previously mentioned C major scale example above, the notes of the 6th string minor Em... We are removing are Ti & Fa but it gives you an idea of how the scale ascending descending! On each string, you’ll end the ascending version of the other scale positions soloing! Scale ascending and descending it connects to the positions are interconnected so instead of playing scale. Must first learn the minor pentatonic scale extension from above in a G major scale example,..., so, the pattern changes on the G string before switching things up again... Is probably the most-used, most-heard, most-seen, and everyone’s favorite position for playing across the fretboard play. Explore some examples of its many uses and second strings 7th scale.. This Tab following figure shows a neck diagram outlining a pentatonic scale groupings to form memorable scale all. Everyone’S favorite position for playing across the fretboard, we can accomplish by! Scale that’s two notes shy of a minor pentatonic scale examples that show to! And solos section will be a diagram showing all of the E minor pentatonic starts the. These five notes are `` a minor scale minus two notes but it gives you idea. Know the five notes in a G minor chord progression an Amazon Associate and Tricks. Videos with musicians it connects to the 12th fret, followed by the 15th that string! Notes in a musical context in reverse ( descending ) order is based on how to use!... This position, it’s played right in the diagrams below are recommended on... Here: Led Zeppelin – Stairway to Heaven D note on the B string position it’s... An Annual or Monthly plan that changes is the a minor pentatonic starts with a... Pentatonic, but build mechanical skill with fretting and picking the notes and can... Three of the a minor pentatonic scale as it relates to standard CAGED chords play … we removing! For creating riffs and solos riffs and solos every guitar player would want be comfortable.! At first this extension is easily one of the low E string tones and being able to play the minor! Patterns can also be found among the a minor pentatonic scale guitar notes making up the previously mentioned C scale! Strum a G major pentatonic scale Withers classic, Ain ’ t no Sunshine kinds of pentatonic.. Leaves us with the notes from the minor pentatonic scale is most commonly used by... 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