These eyes must be between 1 and 2 inches below the soil surface. I do the vast majority of my own transplanting in the early spring. Peonies in one place can grow for many years, but sooner or later, gardeners face the issue of transplanting bushes. Keep potted peonies protected from severe freezing/thawing/freezing - store slightly moist in a garage/shed when temperatures dip below 10 degrees Fahrenheit for extended periods. Do this in the fall for best results! Try to retain as much of the root system as possible. Peonies perform best in full sun and well-drained soils. To achieve the best results, prepare the beds in late summer or early fall. Plant peonies in the fall: in late September and October in most of the U.S., and even later in the fall in Zones 7 and 8. There are two ways to propagate these flowers - using seeds and dividing the root. You may get blooms in the spring when you plant in the fall. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. Submitted by The Editors on April 23, 2019 - 2:45pm. Again, digging and immediately transplanting peonies is best done in Ohio from late August to early September. The planting site for both types should be in a place that receives full sun. Gardeners consider the second method to be more optimal. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! –Herbaceous peonies are suited to zones 2 to 8, depending on the cultivar and need a nice, long dormant period in winter followed by a humid summer for maximum flowering. With the possible exception of peonies, my experience is that all other perennials do just fine. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Peony image by lidia_smile from Fotolia.com, The Ohio State University Cooperative Extension: Growing Peonies, Ohio State University's Plant Facts: Garden Tips. If you want to transplant a peony, ideally you should wait until fall when the plant dies back. These peonies grow 2 to 4 feet tall and are thrive in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 10 to 2, making them perfect for growth in Ohio, whose northern half sits in Zone 5 and whose southern half sits in Zone 6. Peonies will be happy for years without being moved, but if you notice your peonies flowering less, the plants would probably benefit from division. They are loved by gardeners for beautiful, gorgeous, lush flowers, for a sweet, rich aroma, for ease of cultivation and unpretentious care. Your email address will not be published. Peonies are infamous for being difficult to transplant, but if you do need to transplant them, you should do so in the fall rather than the spring. Reply. Transplanting rhubarb becomes a necessity no matter how good the gardener or how nice the garden. We were closing on a Thursday afternoon and moving most of our stuff from the old house to the new house on Friday and Saturday. Peonies resent transplanting, so be sure you really want or need to move them. A: In your area, and in zones 4 to 7, September is by far the best month to divide or move peonies, and it’s a good time for a lot of other perennials, too. They perform best when grown in full sun and in soil that is well drained. For the most part, transplanting peonies is a job that doesn’t usually need done for 10 to 15 years. However, if you move your peony in the spring just … Peonies need a good chill for dormancy and Ohio winters amply provide that necessary cold treatment. Sometimes we need to find our plants a new home in our garden. Wait until the month of September. The average low temperature for Ohio is between 0 and -20 degrees Fahrenheit. The foliage is supplying food to the root system--the key to healthy plants and abundant flower production in the future. If you must move a mature plant, fall is the time to do it—specifically, when the plant has gone dormant. –Tree peonies are less hardy and do not require the same low temperature lows. September is the best time to transplant established peonies. Peonies require at least 3 feet between each plant. Alternatively, clumps of herbaceous peonies can be dug up in early to mid-spring just as the new red foliage is emerging. This will allow ample sunlight to access the shrub and proper air circulation to prevent fungal diseases that tend to attack peonies during wet springs. When the soil is workable, the entire clump of peony roots (with soil mass intact) can be relocated to a new location, matching the root ball's soil level to that of the new plant hole. The best time to move your peonies … Honestly, the best time to transplant peonies is in September. Start digging a good 18 inches away from the crown of the plant. How to transplant peonies. In the spring, one of the first to bloom bright, large buds of peonies, filling the air with a wonderful aroma. Only cut away fully brown and dead leaves or any rotting plant materials. Locate a garden bed that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. If you amend the soil before the winter, you have a better chance at killing perennial weeds, removing sod and subjecting clay soils to the clod-breaking action of the freezing and thawing cycles of winter. Use a clean, sharp tool to divide the clump into sections, each with 3 to 5 eyes and good roots. In the fall, peonies are preparing for dormancy. Lay a 4- to 6-inch layer of mulch to protect roots from being heaved out of the ground during winter freezes and thaws. The root clumps of garden peonies (Paeonia officinalis) are typically divided and transplanted after the plants go dormant in late summer or early autumn. Required fields are marked *. It may feel odd to leave roots so exposed, but peonies actually need this chilling to attain dormancy and set buds. But since we were moving in late June, it had to be done then. The peony has been a popular perennial in American gardens since the 1800's. Asked July 29, 2016, 4:26 PM EDT. Generally speaking, peony plants resent root disturbance. Peonies should be settled into place about six weeks before the ground freezes. At first glance, this is a troublesome thing, but in practice everything is different. Fall is the recommended time for transplanting to avoid disrupting the bloom cycle. Strictly speaking, September is more late summer than fall, but your neighbor has the right idea. (Find your planting zone here.) In the northeast, the best time is in mid-September. Lift the root clump gently with a gardening fork and wash away the soil so the eyes are visible. The University of Ohio Extension recommends loosening the soil to a depth of 18 to 24 inches and adding 1/3 by volume of compost or well-rotted manure to overwinter. While it is technically possible to transplant them in spring or in summer before they go dormant, transplanting in those times is not recommended and seldom practiced because success is unpredictable and the flowering takes two to three years longer. When to transplant peonies depends on the results you want. Division of large peony clumps requires a few additional steps. However, you may successfully transplant peonies in the spring, though you should be aware that plants moved during this season are not likely to produce the abundant flowers or foliage they've produced in the past—or may take a season or two before they start blooming. Wright holds a graduate diploma in environmental horticulture from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and a Master of Science in public horticulture from the University of Delaware. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. For peonies, fall is the ideal time to dig up the plants. September is the best time to transplant peonies. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Peonies can also be spring-transplanted but I’ve done better with an early fall move with them. M. on Jun 5, 2017. When to Transplant Peonies . He has worked professionally at gardens in Colorado, Florida, Minnesota, New York, North Carolina and Pennsylvania. Traditionally, peonies are best planted in the late summer to early autumn which, according to Hope Weber of The Ohio State University Cooperative Extension Service, is late August to mid-September statewide. Prune back peony stems and foliage by 50 percent in height with a hand pruners or heavy duty scissors. How often you need to transplant hostas varies. Poorly drained soils can often be improved by working in large amounts of compost or peat. Now, ideally, you’re going to want to transplant peonies in September or October. Helpful. If you are planting peonies in a bed that has never before been used for growing perennial plants, amend the soil so it allows your peonies to absorb the maximum amount of nutrients. These union scars must be 4 to 5 inches below the soil surface, certainly no deeper. This allows herbaceous and tree peonies to reside undisturbed for three or more years; herbaceous peonies may be dug and divided after three or more years growing in one location. Plant bare-root peonies in the late summer or early fall and container-grown peonies in the early spring. Only cut away fully brown and dead leaves or any rotting plant materials. If you want to avoid any possible interruption of growth or flowering, transplanting peonies in fall, when plants are dormant, is best. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. The most common peonies in the home garden are Paeonia hybrids, or garden peonies. Care is needed to preserve the integrity of the root ball of plants once removed from the container and planted in the garden. Use a sharp spade to dig beneath the peony clump. Your email address will not be published. When is it best to transplant peonies: in spring, summer or autumn? Being long-lived plants, this is why proper soil and planting site preparation behooves gardeners. Peonies require a fertile, moist soil that has good drainage after rain or irrigation. Incorporate large amounts of compost, well-rotted manure or fallen leaves, and other organic material into the soil. The month of September gives the roots time to settle in and grow before frost hardens the ground. How to Transplant Peonies in the Spring ; When you purchase peony roots (Paeonia spp.) Container-grown plants can be planted into the ground any time of year as long as the soil is not hard with frost or overly wet. It may feel odd to leave roots so exposed, but peonies actually need this chilling to attain dormancy and set buds. Peonies are long-lived and will provide years of enjoyment, especially if you take the time to create perfect growing conditions. Transplant it in the very early spring. from the nursery, you get a bag of what appears to be dried up spiders. To provide them with abundant flowering every year, it is necessary to timely transplant peonies in the fall to another place. Situated in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 and 6, peonies (Paeonia spp.) When to Transplant Peonies The best time to transplant peonies is in September when they’re past their summer growth and entering winter dormancy . Clip leafy stems back to near ground level—2 to 3 inches tall. I know they don't like to be transplanted. "A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants"; Christopher Brickell and H. Marc Cathey, eds. Provide support for varieties with large flowers. Prepare an area 3 feet by 3 feet in size for each peony plant by cultivating with a shovel to a depth of 12 to 16 inches. How to Divide and Transplant Peonies: 11 Steps (with Pictures) Spring transplanting also works fine as long as you wait until soil has warmed up a bit. Many nurseries sell both herbaceous and tree peonies in plastic containers. The or border may require moving the peonies. This mulch should be removed in the spring and only applied during the winter of the peonies’ first year. Tree peonies typically have graft-unions on their roots. You can also pot up bare root peonies in the fall or early winter and transplant them in the spring. Place the potted peony in the hole so the top of the root ball is level with the soil, tamp down the soil gently and water well. Transplanting Peonies. All Rights Reserved. Bloom time for peonies varies from late spring to late summer, depending on variety, but all types are best planted in the fall, about 6 weeks before the ground freezes. Peonies like a good chill in the winter. The best time of year for transplanting peonies is September. Place the cutting debris in the compost pile to decompose. Jacob J. Wright became a full-time writer in 2008, with articles appearing on various websites. Peonies can be left undisturbed in the garden for many years. Again, digging and immediately transplanting peonies is best done in Ohio from late August to early September. Once planted, monitor the soil and supplement with irrigation when rains are lacking in order to keep the soil evenly moist. Gypsum, the Extension advises, does not work as a soil softener in Ohio. When To Plant Plant bare root peonies in the fall before at least six weeks before first frost. Alternatively, clumps of herbaceous peonies can be dug up in early to mid-spring just as the new red foliage is emerging. In order to set their flower buds, peony roots should be planted relatively close to the soil surface; only about 2-3 inches deep. Can I transplant peonies in June or July? Bare-rooted or freshly dug-up peony plants can be planted at two different times of the year. These peonies grow 2 to 4 feet tall and are thrive in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 10 to 2, making them perfect for growth in Ohio, whose northern half sits in Zone 5 and whose southern half sits in Zone 6. Make Your Neighbors Giggle With These 9 Halloween Fairy Garden Ideas. You can plant peonies in the spring, but you won’t get blooms for two years or so. Peonies are the permanent inhabitants of many gardens and flowerbeds. Peonies respond well to humus-rich soils with luxuriant leaf growth and flower production. The peony is hardy, dependable, long-lived, and easy to grow. 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