The complete data set is available as a kmz file for Google Earth from This Site and is used here courtesy of Steve Thompson. CS1 maint: ref=harv ; Slatford, John (May–June 2005). PILLBOXES, PILLBOX, ANTI-INVASION DEFENCES, WWII, PILLBOX STUDY GROUP… My thanks to the Pillbox Study Group for this excerpt, which explains the thinking behind pillboxes and other defence structures that were put in place in WWII: On 25th June 1940, General Paget, Chief of Staff to the Commander-in-Chief Home Forces submitted General Ironside`s anti-invasion plan to the War Cabinet in the form of Home Forces Operation Instruction No.3. We are the Internationally recognised group committed to the study and preservation of Pillboxes and Anti-Invasion Defences in... See more. River Whitewater Shellproof Pillbox Rescue Archaeology, Spigot Mortar Emplacement Rescue Archaeology, Breamore Mill, River Avon, Ringwood Stopline, National Trust North Downs GHQ Line B Pillbox Event. North Downs Way Shellproof Type 24 Variant. View the interactive map, or search through the database for a particular record. The result was the construction of Stop – Lines, consisting of man made objects located to enhance the natural ‘lay of the land’. Online viewer for the Extended Defence of Britain Database as maintained by Steve Thompson. View the interactive map, or search through the database for a particular record. Committed To The Study & Preservation Of 20th Century United Kingdom & International Pillboxes & Anti-Invasion Defences. Spotter’s Guide to Pillboxes & other anti-invasion structures of WWII. Visit our website at www.pillbox-study-group.org.uk. The basic concept was detailed in a Southern Command memo dated 22nd June 1940 (public Records Office WO 199/1800) covering the construction of GHQ Zones, which stated: “The immediate object is to divide England into several small fields surrounded by a hedge of anti-tank obstacles which is strong defensively, using natural accidents of the ground where possible. Virtually everything of military significan… Kettlebury Hill, Assault Training Observation Bunker. Southern Railway Pillbox, Hook Heath, Woking, Surrey. Pill Box and GHQ Line Websites. Early blockhouses were designed solely to protect a particular area by the use of artillery, and they had accommodation only for the short-term use of the garrison. Pillboxes are concrete dug-in guard posts, normally equipped with loopholes through which to fire weapons. 2> Pillbox Study Group, Pillbox Study Group communication (Verbal communication). Members receive the journal ', Hitler’s threatened British Invasion 1940, Aldershot Command’s 2- Pounder Emplacement, Mowlem 6 Pounder Drum Pillbox Shalford Surrey. In an effort to improve adherence, doctors and pharmacists often recommend pillboxes and blister packs: sheets of pills individually packed in plastic and sealed with foil. SECTION 13 of the Instruction stated: “The general plan of defence is a combination of mobile columns and static defences by means of strong-points and stops. With the emergency evacuation of the BEF from the beaches of Dunkirk there was an obvious and urgent need to build defences against the threat of Nazi Invasion. Ewshot Pillbox Restoration “Exclusive” September 7th 2013. Ewshot Pillbox Restoration “Exclusive” September 7th 2013. This indicates that the stop-lines were constructed to block the progress of German armoured columns, setting them up for a counter attack by our defending forces. Mar 5, 2018 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DsdSpBaFZxo Anti-Tank Vertical Rails, East Sussex. PILLBOX STUDY GROUP. A pillbox is a type of blockhouse, or concrete dug-in guard post, normally equipped with loopholes through which to fire weapons. ISBN 1-901313-20-4. It is in effect a trench firing step hardened to protect against small-arms fire and grenades and raised to improve the field of fire. Historic Military Press. Should Armoured Fighting Vehicles attack or airborne attacks break into the enclosures the policy will be to close the gate by blocking the crossing over the obstacles and to let the ‘dogs’ in the shape of armoured formations, or other troops, to round up the cattle”. MEASUREMENTS AND PRIMARY OUTCOMES: The response variable was the TC measured using the Morisky-Green questionnaire at the beginning and at 2 months. They were built to protect important maritime approaches such as the Thame… Facebook newspapers and journals loopholes : the journal of the pillbox study group [and the united kingdom fortification club] ISBN 0-436-57360-1. Hankley Common’s Atlantic Wall D-Day Practise Area. INTERVENTION: To give a smart pillbox with instructions. The Pillbox Study Group (PSG) is for those who believe that ‘History’ did not end with the dawning of the 20th Century and that defences and fortifications built of ‘Concrete’ are as important as those built in the time of the Romans or the Normans. Committed To The Study & Preservation Of 20th Century United Kingdom & International Pillboxes & Anti-Invasion Defences Spotter’s Guide to Pillboxes & other anti-invasion structures of WWII. A Stop-Line would be a continuous anti-tank obstacle, natural if possible, covered by Pillboxes and other prepared positions. The first known example is the Cow Tower, Norwich, built in 1398, which was of brick and had three storeys with the upper storeys pierced for six guns each. The PSG does not encourage members to undertake the ad hoc clearance of vegetation from pillboxes, as it can expose them to physical damage and inappropriate use, it may also contravene a variety of statutory regulations including, listed buildings and SSSI designations. The originally jocular name arose from their perceived similarity to the cylindrical and hexagonal boxes in which medical pills were once sold.1 They are in effect a trench firing step hardened to protect against small-arms fire and grenades and raised to improve the field of fire. Southern Railway Pillbox, Hook Heath, Woking, Surrey. PillBlogs: The GHQ Line Pillbox.org.uk is home of the Defence of East Sussex Project, which aims to record all of the anti-invasion defences of the county in 1940-42. Official Handbook of the Pillbox Study Group. Out now the Spotter’s guide to pillboxes, a 52 page booklet which attempts to “explain the presence of the thousands of pillboxes still to be seen across the countryside and along the coasts.”Available only from the Pillbox Study Group.Get your copy by sending a Cheque for £5 (made out to Pillbox Study Group) to Alistair Graham Kerr, ‘Casemate’ 7 Burgh Castle, Marine Butt Lane, Burgh Castle, Norfolk. Throughout the Second World War, several committees were established to co-ordinate British camouflage policies and practices. North Downs Way Shellproof Type 24 Variant. The Pillbox Study Group accepts no responsibility for any damages or injuries caused by ignoring this advice. Members receive the journal ', Hitler’s threatened British Invasion 1940, Aldershot Command’s 2- Pounder Emplacement, Mowlem 6 Pounder Drum Pillbox Shalford Surrey. It was part of RAF Brattons’ defences and despite what the link says I beg to differ that this is in “good condtion” … This is Confirmed as a type 22.. My thanks to the Pillbox Study Group for this excerpt, which explains the thinking behind pillboxes and other defence structures that […], We welcome new members to the PSG. Hexagonal pillbox at ground level (mainly filled in). Bulletproof and Shellproof Pillboxes of Regular Hexagon shape –Type 22 Although pillboxes in the group Type 22 follow similar guidelines, each individual pillbox is different. On 25th June 1940, General Paget, Chief of Staff to the Commander-in-Chief Home Forces submitted General Ironside`s anti-invasion plan to the War Cabinet in the form of Home Forces Operation Instruction No.3. In the late 1970s, journalist Henry Wills began research on the topic, eventually publishing Pillboxes: A Study of UK Defences in 1985. Sources and further reading Kettlebury Hill, Assault Training Observation Bunker. Gould and her team surveyed 135 people between the ages of 49 and 94 years, all of whom l… The humble, if ubiquitous, Pillbox is often the first example of a defensive work seen by many people. Camouflage training manuals were widely issued and all military personnel received basic training. Committed To The Study & Preservation Of 20th Century United Kingdom & International Pillboxes & Anti-Invasion Defences. However mobile such columns may be they cannot be expected to operate immediately over the whole area in which it is possible for the enemy to attempt invasion by sea or air. SKE52253. Damaging a listed or scheduled monument can be considered as a Heritage Crime. It is by no accident that the majority of defence structures are located where they are. Leo Cooper. Members were drawn from government ministries and departments, along with the Air Ministry, Armed Forces and Admiralty, but no central body had sole responsibility. Visit … ABOUT US Co-Curate is a project which brings together online collections, museums, universities, schools and community groups to make and re-make stories and images from North East England and Cumbria. This will be done by means of stops and strong-points prepared for all round defence at aerodromes which are necessary to prevent the enemy obtaining air superiority, at the main centres of communications and distributed in depth over a wide area covering London and the centres of production and supply. The Pillbox Study Group. Vegetation clearance should only ever be undertaken as part of a formal arrangement, having sought and obtained permission from the land owner and other necessary authorities. We currently have over 300 members in six countries. This system of stops and strong-points will prevent the enemy from running riot and tearing the guts out of the country as had happend in France and Belgium.”, […] one, were made of concrete that was sufficiently thick to be bullet proof. Pillbox Study Group has 1,817 members. Basingstoke Canal Type 26/Stent Prefab Rescue, Basingstoke Canal Unique GHQ Line A Pillbox Rescue. CS1 maint: ref=harv ; Wills, Henry (1985). We currently have over 300 members in six countries. Extant wartime records were thought to be fairly poor, and nobody could be sure how many pillboxes and related hardened field defences had survived—or indeed, how many had been constructed in the first place. Hankley Common’s Atlantic Wall D-Day Practise Area. With many homebound patients on a dozen or more medications, medication management can … Physicians describe taking prescribed medications properly as adherence or compliance to a drug regimen. SKE6447. The Pillbox Study Group - Committed To The Study & Preservation Of 20th Century United Kingdom & International Pillboxes & Anti-Invasion Defences. The Aberdovey pillbox | Aberdovey Londoner. This study, not surprisingly, uncovered, electronic pillboxes greatly increase medication adherence and greatly reduce mistakes. The study recorded as well as time-stamped the time the pills were taken. For example using the smart pillbox the Senior citizens that were taking more than 1 pill a day the rate of mistakes dropped over 90%. The PSG does not encourage members to undertake the ad hoc clearance of vegetation from pillboxes and other defences, as it can expose them to physical damage and inappropriate use, it may also contravene a variety of statutory regulations including, listed buildings and SSSI designations. Download Pillbox Database for Google Earth + Web Version. Send & Ripley Historical Society. This diversity can be seen by differences in wall thickness, the amount of rifle loops, the materials used for construction, camouflage and other modifications such as shutters and blast walls. In two studies included in this review, there were reports of potential contamination, with 19 people in one study from the control group attending the intervention education sessions where pillboxes were distributed (Goujard et al., 2003), and in another study, 39% (n = 7) of the attention control group reported using pillboxes (Kalichman et al., 2011). It is the aim of this website to introduce to you some of the more common Anti-Invasion structures that you are still likely to find surviving around the world, and in particular our own countryside and to give you an idea of the reasoning behind their particular locations. In theory, sorting pills or groups of pills according to whenthey are to be taken makes taking them on schedule easier to remember. We welcome new members to the PSG. Pillboxes: A Study of UK Defences. It's also available from The Pillbox Study Group NR31 9PZ. Which is not surprising as over 18,000 were constructed across the British Isles to resist the Nazi invader during Hitler’s proposed ‘Operation Sealion’, the planned German Invasion of England set for 1940. pillbox-study-group.org.uk Competitive Analysis, Marketing Mix and Traffic As part of your membership you will receive our journal ‘Loopholes’ and can take part in our organised Pillbox Rescue Archaeology Projects and War Walks. Each district linking nurse was assigned 10 interviews, 5 from the intervention group and 5 from a control group. We are particularly interested in recruiting new members and relish the chance to explore any new sites that you can tell us about. It is therefore necessary to adopt measures for confining his actions until such time as mobile columns can arrive to deal with him. River Whitewater Shellproof Pillbox Rescue Archaeology, Spigot Mortar Emplacement Rescue Archaeology, Breamore Mill, River Avon, Ringwood Stopline, National Trust North Downs GHQ Line B Pillbox Event. Download Pillbox Database for Google Earth + Web Version. eDoB Online (ver 18.3) Online viewer for the Extended Defence of Britain Database as maintained by Steve Thompson. Basingstoke Canal Type 26/Stent Prefab Rescue, Basingstoke Canal Unique GHQ Line A Pillbox Rescue. The Pillbox Study Group (PSG) is for those who believe that ‘History’ did not end with the dawning of the 20th Century and that defences and fortifications built of ‘Concrete’ are as important as those built in the time of the Romans or the Normans. "A World War II Concrete Air Raid Shelter". A Pillbox Study Group assessment concluded the structure is actually a Vickers Gun Emplacement (2) 1> CBA Defence of Britain Project, 1994, Defence of Britain Site Report (Bibliographic reference). 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