Beginning at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers nesr Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, it runs southwest, ending at the Mississippi River on the Illinois and Missouri borders. The Ohio River Scenic Byway in Indiana is comprised of the following segments totaling 302.38 miles. At the confluence, the Ohio is considerably bigger than the Mississippi, measured by long-term mean discharge. Portions of Route 52 in Ohio, Route 56 in Indiana, and Route 8 in Kentucky are flooded. Whether clinging to the shores of the river, or linking farms and historic river communities, the Ohio River Scenic Byway is the common thread joining a geographically broad and culturally diverse region together. Less than 2 miles above The river then follows a roughly southwest and then west-northwest course until Cincinnati, before bending to a west-southwest course for most of its length. There, some continued on up the Missouri River, some up the Mississippi, and some farther west over land routes. Ohio rivers shown on the map. The overflowing lake carved through the separating hill and connected the rivers. Originally applied just to the Ohio River, the "Pelisipi" name later was variously applied back and forth between the Ohio River and the Clinch River in Virginia and Tennessee. Cincinnati skyline showing the John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge to Covington, Kentucky. The Indians and early explorers and settlers of the region also often considered the Allegheny to be part of the Ohio. [4] European discovery of the Ohio River may be attributed to English explorers from Virginia in the latter half of the 17th century. Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin, the bestselling novel that fueled abolitionist work, was the best known of the anti-slavery novels that portrayed such escapes across the Ohio. It borders Ontario Canada across Lake Erie to the north, the US states of Michigan to the northwest, Pennsylvania to the east, and Indiana to the west. It is (980 miles) (1,557 km) in length. [24] The Wheeling Suspension Bridge was built over the river at Wheeling from 1847 to 1849, making the trip west easier. The route offers a pleasant escape from suburban concerns as it passes villages, well-kept barns, vineyards, and orchards. Searchable listings of Ohio River hotels, motels, resorts, bed & breakfast, and more. The Ohio River is a 981 miles long river that is found within the region of Laurentia in the US. Largely rural, they shipped much of their produce along the river to ports such as Traversing the lush hills and farmlands of southern Indiana and paralleling the mighty Ohio River, the Ohio River Scenic Byway marks a time-worn and history-rich corridor that has profoundly influenced the people and communities through which it passes. The Ohio River is a 981-mile (1,579 km) long river in the United States. During the nineteenth century, emigrants from Virginia, North Carolina and Kentucky settled along the northern bank of the Ohio river. Ohio River is a confluence in Kentucky and has an elevation of 295 feet. Exploration of the territory and trade with the Indians in the region near the Forks brought British colonials from both Pennsylvania and Virginia across the mountains, and both colonies claimed the territory. It is located in the Midwestern and Southern United States, flowing southwesterly from western Pennsylvania south of Lake Erie to its mouth on the Mississippi River at the southern tip of Illinois. The movement of glaciers during the earliest ice ages the present day river drainages of the Kanawha, Sandy, Kentucky, Green, Cumberland and Tennessee rivers northward created the Ohio system and the course of early tributaries of the Ohio River, including the Monongahela and the Allegheny rivers, were set. The forks (the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers at what is now Pittsburgh) were considered a strategic military location. This is a 258 acre lake owned by the County. From there, it flows northwest through Allegheny and Beaver counties, before making an abrupt turn to the south-southwest at the West Virginia–Ohio–Pennsylvania triple-state line (near East Liverpool, Ohio; Chester, West Virginia; and Ohioville, Pennsylvania). Ohio has approximately 29,113 miles of river, of which 212.9 miles are designated as wild & scenic—less than 1% of the state's river miles. [30] The river again ranked as the most polluted in 2013 and has been the most polluted river since at least 2001, according to the Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Commission (ORSANCO). A map of the rapids of the Ohio River and of the countries on each side thereof : so far, as to include the routes contemplated for canal navigation Relief shown by hachures. Beaver Falls, PA 15010. Among rivers wholly or mostly in the United States, it is the second largest by discharge volume, the tenth longest and has the eighth largest drainage basin. For a brief time, until 1851, it was the world's largest suspension bridge. The Ohio River is a left (east) and largest tributary by volume of the Mississippi River in the United States. Direct water travel the length of the river is obstructed by the Falls of the Ohio just below Louisville, Kentucky. [13] For thousands of years, Native Americans used the river as a major transportation and trading route. The natural depth of the river varied from about 3 to 20 feet (0.91 to 6.10 m). The Ohio River Scenic Byway follows the Ohio River through Illinois, Indiana and Ohio ending at Steubenville, Ohio, on the river. It is inhabited by fauna and flora of both climates. The Allegheny River, left, and Monongahela River join to form the Ohio River at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the largest metropolitan area on the river. [7][8], Native Americans, including the Lenni Lenape and Iroquois, considered the Ohio and Allegheny rivers as the same, as is suggested by a New York State road sign on Interstate 86 that refers to the Allegheny River also as Ohi:yo';[9] the Geographic Names Information System lists O-hee-yo and O-hi-o as variant names for the Allegheny. Both Illinois and Indiana have long since changed their laws to allow riverboat casinos to be permanently docked, with Illinois changing in 1999 and Indiana in 2002. Begins in pittsburgh pa. Searchable listings of Ohio River RV parks and campgrounds. Because the river is the southern border of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, it was part of the border between free states and slave states in the years before the American Civil War. [28] More escaping slaves, estimated in the thousands, made their perilous journey north to freedom across the Ohio River than anywhere else across the north-south frontier. The number in parentheses after the port's location corresponds to the numbered icons on the map. The expression "sold down the river" originated as a lament of Upper South slaves, especially from Kentucky, who were shipped via the Ohio and Mississippi to cotton and sugar plantations in the Deep South. Use, Administration, and Navigation 207.300 Ohio River, above Cairo, IL, and their tributaries; use, administration, and navigation. The Ohio River is a climatic transition area, as its water runs along the periphery of the humid continental and humid subtropical climate areas. Shortened in the Shawnee language to pelewa thiipi, spelewathiipi or peleewa thiipiiki, the name evolved through variant forms such as "Polesipi", "Peleson", "Pele Sipi" and "Pere Sipi", and eventually stabilized to the variant spellings "Pelisipi", "Pelisippi" and "Pellissippi". Prior to that event, the north-flowing Steubenville River (no longer in existence) ended between New Martinsville and Paden City, West Virginia. [14] Its waters connected communities. However, the river's deepest point is 168 feet (51 m) on the western side of Louisville, Kentucky. From there, it forms the border between West Virginia and Ohio, upstream of Wheeling, West Virginia. The Ohio River at Cairo is 281,500 cu ft/s (7,960 m3/s);[1] and the Mississippi River at Thebes, Illinois, which is upstream of the confluence, is 208,200 cu ft/s (5,897 m3/s). Where the river was narrow, it was the way to freedom for thousands of slaves escaping to the North, many helped by free blacks and whites of the Underground Railroad resistance movement. Indiana's Ohio River Scenic Byway is a winding, hilly route follows the Ohio River. [31], The Ohio River was polluted with hundreds of thousands of pounds of PFOA, a fluoride-based chemical used in making teflon, among other things, by the DuPont chemical company from an outflow pipe at its Parkersburg, West Virginia, facility for several decades beginning in the 1950s. These are all the places which attract tourists to Ohio and there are many transportation facilities to reach Ohio -like air, rail, bus, roads and freeways and many alternate forms of transportation are available in Ohio. It is inhabited by fauna and flora of both climates. Valleys of some abandoned rivers can still be seen on satellite and aerial images of the hills of Ohio and West Virginia between Marietta, Ohio, and Huntington, West Virginia. In 1763, following the war, France ceded the area to Britain, and thus to the settlers in the colonies of Britain. [33] The Ohio River flow is higher than that of the Mississippi River so hydrologically, the Ohio River is the main stream of the river system. Ohio River above Cairo, IL and its tributaries. Searchable listings of Ohio River hotels, motels, resorts, bed & breakfast, and more. Scale ca. Forts along the Ohio river include Fort Pitt (Pennsylvania), Fort McIntosh (Pennsylvania), Fort Randolph (West Virginia), Fort Henry (West Virginia), Fort Harmar (Ohio), Fort Washington (Ohio), and Fort Nelson (Kentucky). The middle Ohio River formed in a manner similar to formation of the upper Ohio River. Use our easy Lodging Search to find exactly the type of accommodation you are looking for at the right price. The Ohio River as a whole is ranked as the most polluted river in the United States, based on 2009 and 2010 data, although the more industrial and regional West Virginia/Pennsylvania tributary, the Monongahela River, ranked behind 16 other American rivers for water pollution at number 17. The combined Allegheny-Ohio river is 1,310 miles (2,110 km) long and carries the largest volume of water of any tributary of the Mississippi. In 1749 Great Britain established the Ohio Company to settle and trade in the area. A private casino riverboat that docked in Evansville, Indiana, on the Ohio River opened about the same time. They killed travelers, stealing their goods and scuttling their boats. [14] The river formed on a piecemeal basis beginning between 2.5 and 3 million years ago. There are several major cities located along the northern and southern banks of the river including Cincinnati, Ohio; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and Louisville, Kentucky.[14]. Its waters connected communities. The collapse took the lives of 46 people who had been crossing on the bridge at the moment of its failure. Eventually the upper and middle sections combined to form what is essentially the modern Ohio River. map of ohio river valley. River Mist Marina 58.1 Bo's Lighthouse & Marina Mile marker 58.1 RDB Toronto, OH Skipper Haven Yacht Club 60.2 Steubenville Marina Mile marker 66.3 RDB Steubenville, OH Pier 12 Marina 74.5 E-Z Pool Marina 77.4 Rayland Marina Mile marker 81.5 RDB No joke, it probably is, the best marina on upper third of the Ohio River. The bridge had been built in 1929, and by 1967 was carrying too heavy a load for its design. at least 25,000 and among the 10 largest in the state, and whose municipal boundary comes within less than a mile of the river. Click on the yellow port icons for more information on that port. There are many large tributaries that give the ohio river its size. The Ohio River is a climatic transition area, as its water runs along the periphery of the humid subtropical and humid continental climate areas. Text printed on separate sheet attached to main sheet at bottom. 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