Caryota mitis Lour. Even chain saws struggle to get through this wood. It is sometimes grown indoors as a large houseplant. Moist Soil. It's planted beneath the outer branches of a huge Hass Avocado tree (50-60 ft tall) in my back yard so it receives dappled sunlight or shade most of the day. Find quick palm tree grower information on Caryota mitis online and where to buy this palm. I live and work in Florida where I have a house with a big tropical garden full of palm trees. Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. Fishtail palm is hardy to 15°F (Zone 8b). Flowers/Fruits: It produces beautiful creamy flowers that grow among the leaves. Caryota is a genus of palm trees.They are often known as fishtail palms because of the shape of their leaves. Charles Wychgal's garden. Be the first to review “Caryota Mitis” Cancel reply. (RPS.com). "This is a relatively commonly sold palm in the southern US, but it is not really one of the more ornamental of the Caryotas. Caryota mitis is the fishtail palm most commonly sold for houseplant and landscape use. Burmese Fishtail Palm, Tufted Fishtail Palm. Fruit contains raphides in the flesh and cause skin irritation. The palm is also used in construction. Hardiness USDA zone 9 - 11. Caryota mitis fruits Caryota rumphiana flowers (right) and fruits (left) Caryotas are made of fairly hard wood, making them one of the more difficult palms to cut down once they die. Small Fishtail Palm Tree, Caryota mitis The Fishtail Palm (Caryota mitis) is also commonly known as the Clustered Fishtail Palm because of it natural way of forming in clumps. A Beginner's Guide to Fishtail Palm Tree Care (Caryota Genus). 2008. The fishtail palm can be used in shrub borders and outdoor container plantings. Work in progress Species Information currently being revised! (1) "Caryota mitis grows to 5m tall and is native to Burma and Malaysia (Bodkin 1986). A very nice indoor plant, it tolerates heavy shade and light frosts. More about me. Fishtail palm can also be propagated by division of clumps and separation of suckers from the parent cluster. In Florida, it grows in hummocks and in disturbed wooded areas. Hardiness: USDA Zone 9b-10. Water Req: It requires a lot of water with good drainage. Their roots are also relatively shallow for palms, making them susceptible to blowing over in high winds. Exposure Partial Shade. In the wetter tropical regions of northern Australia birds and animals appear to be spreading it into rainforests, vine thickets and along drainage lines. Origin: It is native to Southeast Asia and India. Each stem has 8 to 10 bipinnate leaves that can be up to 9ft long. My fish tail palm is ugly, how do I trim it up? Uhl, C.B. The clump will survive, however, and continue to produce more stems. Caryota mitis, known as the clustering fishtail palm or fishtail palm, is a species of palm native to Tropical Asia from India to Java to southern China, now sparingly naturalized in southern Florida and in parts of Africa and Latin America. As a rough estimate, figure your Caryota urens will get to fifty feet or more, Caryota gigas to thirty feet and C. mitis to fifteen feet, sometimes taller depending on where you live. For cooler areas, however, Caryota maxima var. Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns Fishtail palms are found from Cape York through SE Asia to China and India; they grow in rainforests of varying altitudes. Note that the majority of clustering Caryotas sold in nurseries (usually as indoor plants) in the US are NOT this species, but are clumps of a solitary species (most likely C. urens or C. maxima)..." (Geoff Stein), "These palm are usualy devoid of nitrogen manganese and potassium in Southern CAlifornia. The Fishtail Palm has a unique flowering habit whereby the inflorescence develops from the top of the trunk first, followed by subsequent bunches moving downwards. Cold Hardiness: Can survive a protected spot in the temperate garden. It is a single trunk tree, and it has an exotic look that can add some pizzazz to your garden space. Fruit contains raphides in the flesh and cause skin irritation. Use a general-purpose potting mix with good drainage, because these trees like it on the drier side. This is the perfect foundation book for the gardener who would like to see a banana next to his cherry tree and a palm between his maples. Also known as. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. Lewis. In India, the leaves are used for thatching or woven into household items, the fibres from the leaf sheath are made into rope, and seeds made into beads. ... Hardiness: It is one of the hardiest feather palms, tolerating temperatures down to about -2°C (or even less for short periods) when mature, young plants are more cold sensitive; it … palm DATA. It usually sends up multiple stems or trunks. Loam or Sand Texture. This species is one of the less hardy ones, and doesn't look good in marginal climates. The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. Original publication date November 1993. Caryota furfuracea, Caryota propinqua, Caryota sobolifera, Drymophloeus zippellii, Thuessinkia speciosa, Caryota javanica, Caryota griffithii, Caryota griffithii var. Your email address will not be published. The pulp is edible when powdered after sun drying and the leaves when cooked. That means you can include it in landscapes in places like Louisiana, Texas, Georgia, Alabama and Florida. It is in full sun for less than an hour each day. Because it is shallow rooted, it should be planted in an area protected from wind. Fast growing, great as an unusual indoor specimen. Leaves bring a beautiful texture to settings. Each slender stem is topped with several bipinnate leaves that can reach 9 ft (3 m) in length. Like other palms, it is also tapped for sap which is made into palm sugar or fermented to make toddy. Maintenance: Easy. Caryota mitis: Fishtail Palm1 Edward F. Gilman, Dennis G. Watson, Ryan W. Klein, Andrew K. Koeser, Deborah R. Hilbert, and Drew C. McLean2 1. Cultivation Full sun / good drainage, moist soil, easy and quickly germination. South Florida and Hawaii are about the only climates in the US this palm looks good in... though it does passably indoors. Caryota mitis variegated Sign in to follow this . Caryota mitis: Hardiness Zones: 10-11: Mature Height: 15-25 Feet: Growth Rate: Moderate: Flower Prominence: Inconspicuous: Flower Color: Full sun to partial shade: Blooms: Average water needs: Water Needs: Consistent moist soil, Moderately Drought Tolerant: Cold Tolerance: Moderately Cold Hardy when mature: Light Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Caryota gigas: 9b: 0°C-2.2°C : Caryota maxima 'Himalaya' 9b: 0°C-3.3°C: Certainly not as hardy as some say. Propagation: Seeds take 4-6 months to germinate. “Cold hardy down to 15F” is NOT true. Habitat: Southeast Asia. Resistant to Texas Root Rot. Caryota mitis vary in shape. Your email address will … Caryota gigas and Caryota obtusa are pretty much identical even when mature. Slightly Acidic Soil pH. Algarve, Portugal. The fuzz from the young leaves are used as tinder to start a fire. It has bipinnate green leaves, white unisexual flowers that form into pendent clusters, and red round fruits. The flowers are a pale cream colour, while the small 1 to 2 cm fruits are reddish-orange in colour. Once the plant begins to flower in the landscape, it dies over a two-year period, but seedlings often take the place of the dying stems. After the last flowering, the stem dies and should be removed. Let the soil dry slightly … A very nice indoor plant, it tolerates heavy shade and light frosts. Specimens raised in dry and/or infertile soils tend to be smaller in stature with smaller leaves. This palm does well only in the warmest parts of Zone 9. Cold Tolerance: The Fishtail Palm can tolerate cold temperatures down to 15F. Its fronds are unique; in fact, they resemble the tails of fish. Hardiness: USDA Zone 9b-10. The stems are numerous and clumping. Indoors usually not over 2.5m (8 feet) in height and 1.5m (5 feet) in width. Caryota mitis leaves by Stan Shebs (CC BY-SA 3.0). Caryota mitis is the fishtail palm most commonly sold for houseplant and landscape use. It's not a plant that is easy to grow, especially indoors, so you will need to give it some special care if you decide to grow it. Fish by scientific name . An unusual triangular form features a jagged edge and ruffled appearance that resembles a fish tail or fin. This is a clustering species, with many trunks to about 6 m (18 FEET) tall, with bipinnate leaves. but both very cold hardy, perhaps 19`F. We had 4 hours at 29F here in FL last week and it caused major damage to our fishtails. Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast. Caryota mitis flowers in Vietnam - By Tran Huu Dang. Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Puehuihueiki cemetery, Lahaina, Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Hana Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Waimanalo, Oahu Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Piilani Villages Shopping Center, Kihei, Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Nursery Kihei, Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Nursery Kihei, Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Garden of Eden Keanae, Maui Hawaii. Full Sun To prevent nutritional deficiency, apply good quality palm fertilizer that has continuous release formula twice a year during growing season. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). Hardiness: 9b to 11: Reviews There are no reviews yet. The fishtail palm is a unique palm tree that can grow to be about six to 10 feet tall. Leaves bring a beautiful texture to settings. Avoid contact with the red fruit produced by this palm. 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