On Hell and Holocausts: Comparing Annihilationism and Universalism Posted on 5.02.2013. ‘Lord, Lord,’ they said, ‘open the door for us!’ But he replied, ‘Truly I tell you, I don’t know you’.” It is hard to be one of His if you are not known by Him. The Universalist Story is Not a Realistic Story (Annihilationism vs. Universalism) This post can be read on its own, but it also is the second in a series on What’s Wrong with the Universalist Story. Both do not like the idea that an all loving and all merciful God would punish a human being in Hell for all of eternity. Matthew 10.28 — Why Annihilationism is not Universalism March 18, 2011 Guest Contributor Patheos Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! google_ad_slot = "5799117801"; Answer: Annihilationism is the belief that unbelievers will not experience an eternity of suffering in hell, but will instead be “extinguished” after death. 24:3). In these two chapters Jesus is repeatedly speaking about two basic groups of people: those who are really his, and those who are not. Whoever does not have, even what they have will be taken from them. And these two themes certainly go together. 782 Words 3 Pages. Needless to say, not everything found in the comments posted here are points of view I approve of or agree with. I have been thinking a good deal of late, on the last verse of the third chapter of John. Preaching universalism in an evangelical church can not pay the bills, for any pastor. . And with good reason, as the ongoing reaction to Love Wins demonstrates. Purchase from Bill Muehlenberg Purchase at Amazon.comPurchase at Koorong.com, Purchase from Bill Muehlenberg Purchase at Amazon.com Purchase at Koorong.com, Purchase from Bill Muehlenberg Purchase at Amazon.com Purchase at Koorong.com. I’m surprised to hear that some “Christians” believe in universalism and annihilationism when scripture says otherwise. Instead, we have two clearly differing humanities. Here I will just deal with the version found in Matthew’s Gospel. Africa (36) Apologetics (762) Theodicy (80) Article Reviews (1,397) Asia (50) Book Reviews (560) Christianity (3,277) Notable Christians (103) Or the fact that the eternal fire is prepared for the devil and his angels, and that seems to be only ones there in the back of the book. Posted in: FAQs Tagged: annihilationism, conditional immortality, death and hell, eternal torment, immortality, universalism. You can’t have one without the other. I have of course written on both issues before. As Robert Mounce puts it, “The essential problem is that Matthew seems to move back and forth between an impending crisis (the fall of Jerusalem), and the end of the age when Jesus would return in judgment.”. So Choose Life, Choose Jesus and His atoning sacrifice for your sins and mine. Annihilationism and Universalism are agreed that one day there will be no evil. Universalism, annihilationism, and inclusivism all speak to different questions. A genuine grasp of this prophetic Scripture will not lead to date setting but to alertness, faithfulness, fruitfulness, and service to Jesus’s most needy disciples.”. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Annihilationism. In many standard theologies, universalism and annihilationism are treated as very close positions--theological "first cousins"--so to speak. One to the universality of heaven's occupants, one to the duration of hell, and one to the nature of salvation. Having assessed annihilationism in the past, my summary would be that it is linguistically incompetent. - John Flavel “You’re creating a Christian message that’s warm, kind, and popular for contemporary culture. For the most part, the texts fit very well. Annihilationism and Universalism are agreed that one day there will be no evil. (not quenched means, not extinguished, wont be put out, eternal fire. Annihilationism, Universalism and the Angelic Problem. It will discuss critically and soberly where our culture is heading. . We begin with conditionalism, which is sometimes referred to as annihilationism. The main reason I believe in annihilationism and not universalism is the simple fact that the Bible says the unrighteous will perish , be destroyed in body and soul (Matthew 10:28), die (Romans 6:23), and be burned to ashes (2 Peter 2:6). Purpose. Saturday, June 13, 2020. The case for two humanities and the reality of hell is obviously found throughout Scripture, not just in two chapters in Matthew. Annihilationism, Universalism, Hell and Judgment II . Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window). (being tormented day and night for ever and ever.) Verses 10-12 certainly make this clear: “But while they were on their way to buy the oil, the bridegroom arrived. Eternal Punishment v Universalism and Annihilationism. This is a major set of teachings which Jesus gave on the Mount of Olives. There are only two places after death, Heaven and Hell. At first blush it seems plausible; but the deeper you dig the more you notice how it fumbles the use of language. Annihilationism & Universalism So we were recently learning in College about these two beliefs that exist within the Christian church, and they've been going back and forth in my head. But, this is problematic because there is no continuity between the person who first was created and then was re-created. I'm trying to figure out which is closer to the message Christ gave. There is no idea of only one humanity. It runs counter to the mainstream traditional Christian understanding of hell as eternal suffering and separation from God.. Jesus, when He spoke in the Gospels, He used the words from Isaiah. In Christian theology, universal reconciliation (also called universal salvation, Christian universalism, or in context simply universalism) is the doctrine that all sinful and alienated human souls—because of divine love and mercy—will ultimately be reconciled to God. The whole "What happens to us after we die" question has never really kept me up at night, I'm a Christian mostly because I just want to follow Christ. Cherem was the command in various books of the OT for the Israelites to kill all living things within a conquered city, all men, women, children and livestock. The virgins who were ready went in with him to the wedding banquet. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-8064619561175324"; I may reply to some of your comments but will not be able to respond to all. Isaiah 66.24 (says) And they will go out and look on the dead bodies of those who rebelled against Me; (against God) the worms that eat them will not die, the fire that burns them will not be … The view which best fits Matthew 25:46 is annihilationism! The knowledge of what God will do in the future (24:1–35) must have a profound effect upon God’s people in the present (24:36–25:46). "Though there be no fears of annihilation in heaven, yet there be many wishes for it in hell, but to no purpose; there never will be an end put, either to their being, or their torments." If you are looking for a soapbox to promote your own views, create your own website or blog site. And those who have so rejected the image of God which Christ renewed. For most verses, they have little explanatory power. Annihilationism vs. Universalism? Problem is – as the annihilationists know 😉 , one of those beliefs is false, namely the one on which eternal torment and universalism agree. Each of the three views: Annihilationism, Eternal Torment, and Universalism, can be thought of as one side of a triangle, each having one thing in common with one of the other views. If it does not mean eternal punishment, then it also means there is no eternal life. Next we have the parable of the bags of gold, and again we have the two classes of people. google_ad_height = 200; Houseologie – A Study of House of and Home. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. KJV. Comments should be brief (preferably under 100 words), polite, constructive and informed. But if we bought their argument, then we certainly would have a problem here, for the very same Greek word is twice used here for ‘eternal’ in verse 46. All Biblical evidence can fit annihilationism. Even though he doesn’t come out nearly as strong in favor of Universalism (or Ultimate Reconciliation) as Pinnock does for Annihilationism, Bell could have still expressed the same concerns as Pinnock about the consequences of challenging the traditional view. google_ad_width = 250; Annihilationism stands in contrast to both belief in eternal torture and suffering in the lake of fire and the belief that everyone will be saved (universal reconciliation or simply "universalism"). The best that I can tell, Annihilationist’ and Universalists have very similar concerns. . In the case of annihilationism, the concept is, ”Well, if I sin too much, and I don’t accept Jesus before I die, then I’ll just take a forever dirt nap.” For universalism, the argument is, “If I sin too much, and I don’t accept Jesus before I die, the Big Guy will give me another chance. XHTML: You can use these tags:
. Later the others also came. Your email address will not be published. According to Traditionalists, the Bible doesn't actually mean what it says. The reason I am revisiting these major theological errors is because of my daily reading in Matthew. Where the worms that eat them do not die and the fire is not quenched. Those who are none of his are described in verses 29-30: “For whoever has will be given more, and they will have an abundance. It is hard to square the notion of all being saved with this idea of many being deceived. But some seek to twist what is being taught here. Annihilationism? Eternal Punishment vs. Universalism and Annihilationism. ECT and Universalism fit a few of the verses well about death/afterlife. First, we have Matt. I regard these arguments for annihilationism and universalism—from emotion and from God’s victory—as rewriting the biblical story, something we have no right to do. Mark 9; 48 NIV. For many will come in my name, claiming, “I am the Messiah,” and will deceive many’.”. These types of descriptions for the fate of the unrighteous are repeated in other verses. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. /* ucadsmallsq */ Christians throughout the world profess to serve a merciful and loving God. Eternal Torment and Universalism are agreed that immortality will be given to all. The best that I can tell, Annihilationist’ and Universalists have very similar concerns. Mark 9.43. It is a logical difficulty to assert that the person who completely ceases to exist is actually the same person who is re-created. Some annihilationists believe that once a person dies, his soul instantly ceases to exist. It is found in Matthew 24-25, Mark 13, and Luke 21. Many thanks for helping to make this ministry possible and helping it to continue. The final parable, that of the sheep and the goats, offers the same sober warning and the same theological reality. The Mayflower, America, and the Rewriting of History, The Great Reset, the Vatican, and “Inclusive Capitalism”, billmuehlenberg.com/2011/03/12/against-universalism/, billmuehlenberg.com/2014/12/04/against-annihilationism-part-one/, billmuehlenberg.com/2014/12/04/against-annihilationism-part-two/, billmuehlenberg.com/2017/06/07/two-humanities-two-destinies/, Religion, Society, Politics, Family & the Culture Wars. Name: W J and A A Muehlenberg. Anyone who is aware of how the annihilationists argue will note that they try to claim that some of the Greek words employed in this regard do not actually mean eternal (see my article above for more on this). I … But if we find this much clear evidence of these truths in just the Olivet Discourse, how much more so in all of the Bible? Just a thought. . For many, annihilationism is an attractive belief because of the awfulness of the idea of people spending eternity in hell. It offers reflection and commentary drawing upon the wealth of wisdom found in the Judeo-Christian tradition. For example, Hodge says, "….If Christ and his Apostles did not teach that all men are to be saved [universalism], neither did … See more on this here: billmuehlenberg.com/2011/03/11/on-hell/. Both do not like the idea that an all loving and all merciful God would punish a human being in Hell for all of eternity. This also clearly refers to two humanities, to two types of people, and to two destinies. It is not my intention to enter into all the complexities of biblical eschatology and apocalyptic literature here. Featured The Universalist Story is Not a Realistic Story (Annihilationism vs. Universalism) Discussion in ' Controversial Christian Theology ' started by Mark Corbett , Jul 31, 2017 . Traditionalists are correct to use Matthew 25:46 to refute universalism. Evangelical pastors who flirt too much with universalism should consider a new career. I was listening to the book of Isaiah this morning on CD and when I came to the last chapter it spoke to me about the very similar article that you just wrote about, “Universalism and Annihilationism “. Many people are asking, “Where is our culture heading?” This website is devoted to exploring the major cultural, social and political issues of the day. It offers reflective and incisive commentary on a wide range of issues, helping to sort through the maze of competing opinions, worldviews, ideologies and value systems. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Annihilationism vs Traditionalism TRADITIONALISM ANNIHILATIONISM Perish: Eternally tortured in hell Perish: To . Happy reading! John 3:36. google_ad_width = 200; And indeed, many Christians have experience this love and mercy first-hand throughout their lives. Happy writing! If you want to contribute financially, here are two methods: For those wishing to contribute to this ministry by direct debit, here are our banking details: Westpac Banking Corporation Ringwood Central, Vic. The reason for conflation may be because they are somewhat related. As Craig Blomberg puts it, “The physical judgment of unrepentant Israel is epitomized by the destruction of the temple (24:15-20), but there is a coming judgment of all nations or peoples for which every human must prepare (25:31-46).”, David Turner offers a helpful approach to this section of scripture: “The Olivet Discourse makes it clear that biblical prophecy is more than mere prediction. . C. H. Mackintosh. etc. CultureWatch is a faith ministry and I get no salary. So let me briefly mention each one of the relevant passages as we find them here. BSB #: 733349 Account #: 613094 This site is meant to express my point of view. Study of it requires a proper humility and a willingness to admit that we do not know everything.” Quite right. google_ad_height = 250; Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. All up, the passages presented here seem to give a pretty clear message: there are two sorts of people and two eternal destinies. As to the former, see here: billmuehlenberg.com/2011/03/12/against-universalism/, As to the latter, see here: billmuehlenberg.com/2014/12/04/against-annihilationism-part-one/, And here: billmuehlenberg.com/2014/12/04/against-annihilationism-part-two/. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-8064619561175324"; Post was not sent - check your email addresses! I was thinking the other day that Annihilationism is quite in keeping with the idea of God wiping out the entire population in a flood. These two isms are heresies which orthodox Christianity has always rejected and treated as clear departures from biblical teaching. As Leon Morris comments, “The last of Jesus’ major discourses in this Gospel is largely concerned with judgment and the conduct expected of the follower of Jesus in view of the coming judgment.”, The judgment spoken of is two-fold. Two women will be grinding with a hand mill; one will be taken and the other left.” Again, details can be debated: some say it refers to the rapture – others disagree. 24:4-5: “Jesus answered: ‘Watch out that no one deceives you. We live in an age where we see evidence of cultural decline, the erosion of values, the decline of civility, the denial of truth and the elevation of unreason. Those three pieces offer plenty of scriptural support for the twin truths that not all mankind will be saved, and that hell is real and a place of eternal torment. However, we still can glean some theological certainty here, especially on the two issues set before us. In yesterday's post I talked about cherem in the Old Testament. But, read his post and see you agree with him, although he ignores hyperbolic speech, the back of the book, and the what not…. Off course, as you write above, that there are many many verses that speak about hell fire and the lake of fire spoken of in the book of Revelation. Annihilationism vs Traditionalism glossary that shows the differences between how Traditionalists and Annihilationists define the same words. A reflection on Rob Bell’s latest book, by CT managing editor Mark Galli, The Godhead: Dyohypostatic Theology vs. Miahypostatic Theology. google_ad_slot = "5932219409"; Annihilationism, Universalism and the Angelic Problem, Universalism? . And in verses 12-13 we read: “Because of the increase of wickedness, the love of most will grow cold, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved.” Without getting into the fine detail of what ‘standing firm’ entails exactly, it is clear that not all will be saved. I’m not so sure, actually, that that is what really motivates everyone in the camps. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. And the door was shut. But this seems to be another clear indication of two humanities, and not just one. The first one claims that everyone will be saved while the second one claims that the lost will simply be annihilated, and not suffer endless punishment. Tags: Annihilationism vs. Universalism at Problem is – as the annihilationists know 😉 , one of those beliefs is false, namely the one on which eternal torment and universalism agree. Derek Ouellette — April 17, 2011. I once again just finished reading the Olivet Discourse. Learn how your comment data is processed. Verses 50-51 say: “The master of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour he is not aware of. In the first post, I showed that the Universalist story goes wrong because it has the wrong ultimate goal. Annihilationism, Universalism and the Angelic Problem. Having just reread those two chapters, I was again struck as to how often these two truths about salvation and punishment are emphasised. Matthew 25 begins with the parable of the ten virgins. Some instead will grow cold. But I must acknowledge that this discourse can be quite difficult to interpret at times, due in part to all the rich prophetic language employed. Instead we read that it is appointed for us to die and face judgment, and that today is the day of salvation. They shall be abhorrence to all flesh. Annihilationism and Eternal Torment are agreed that some will be punished eternally (in the sense that there’s no coming back). But R. Kent Hughes is quite correct to say that this is “one of the most difficult texts in the New Testament. He will cut him to pieces and assign him a place with the hypocrites, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” Even if figurative language is being used here, it is hard to square such suffering with annihilation. Yet, universalists could hold that God will utterly destroy, in body and soul, those who are not saved, because they believe everyone will be saved! Author Topic: Annihilationism vs Universalism (Read 6240 times) 0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic. And throw that worthless servant outside, into the darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” Some enter the joy of the Lord while others face a destiny of torment and suffering. Comments which are simply attacks on myself, or are done in bad taste, or use rude language, or are possibly defamatory will not be posted. Readers are welcome to post comments on the material posted here, but some simple rules apply: If you are happy to abide by these rules, then by all means, send in your comments. Isaiah 66.24 (says) And they will go out and look on the dead bodies of those who rebelled against Me; (against God) the worms that eat them will not die, the fire that burns them will not be quenched. ... (as universalism has it) after entering hell itself. And if thy hand offend thee cut it off; it better for thee to enter into Life (eternal life) maimed, than having two hands to go to hell, into the fire that shall NEVER BE QUENCHED. I have been thinking a good deal of late, on the last verse of the third chapter of John. Difficult Bible Passages: Matthew 1 and Luke 3. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Second, there is the view of Annihilationism which is sometimes referred to as “Conditional Immortality.” Proponents of this view believe that all those who do not put their trust in Christ in this life will meet a total destruction resulting in complete extinction of body, soul and spirit. Annihilationism is the belief that the final fate of those who are not saved is literal and final death and destruction. The major themes found here are that of judgment, and the need to always be alert. The Olivet Discourse vs Universalism and Annihilationism Coming Home: My Testimony, Part 1 Love Is Not the Same as Acceptance Categories. The belief in Annihilationism has appeared throughout Christian history and was defended by several church fathers, but it has often been in the minority. See this article for much more detail on this: billmuehlenberg.com/2017/06/07/two-humanities-two-destinies/, And we also have a number of references to the idea of suffering and torment – not just temporary punishment but eternal punishment. A main issue is how to understand when these things are to take place. It closes in verses 44-46 with these words: “They also will answer, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you?’ He will reply, ‘Truly I tell you, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me.’ Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life.”. Upon the Day of Judgment, he is \"re-created\" to be judged and then he is immediately annihilated. He wrote a book around 400 pages teaching this. In verses 40-41 we have this: “Two men will be in the field; one will be taken and the other left. Our spirit can never die, they are Eternal, just Like God is Eternal. Sure, plenty of people – including plenty of Christians – no longer like the idea of hell and choose not to believe in it, but it is clear that Jesus did wholeheartedly adhere to it. ***** Their End is Destruction (four words that support annihilationism) In Philippians 3:19, Paul gives support for annihilationism. I’m surprised to hear that some “Christians” believe in universalism and annihilationism when scripture says otherwise. He wiped them out rather than tormenting them for eternity. Question #1: Hello again, Dr. Luginbill, I was doing some study on the internet when I came across a bible teacher who believes and teaches the doctrine of Annihilationism. I say this because the Bible’s final three chapters present the eternal state of affairs. You must state your full name to have your comments posted. Hell, Hades, and the Afterlife ... Posted in: FAQs Tagged: annihilationism, conditional immortality, death and hell, eternal torment, immortality, universalism both are eternal, as our spirit’s are eternal. There is no universalism being taught here. Eternal Punishment vs. Universalism And Annihilationism John 3: 36 Charles Henry Mackintosh. This chapter ends with the story of the wise and unwise stewards. “Annihilationism” would, technically speaking, be that doctrine which holds that God will utterly destroy, in body and soul, those who are not saved. What they fail to see is that this verse also refutes eternal conscious torment. It deals with what will happen at the end of the age (Matt. Please have a read of those for much more detail on these matters. These types of descriptions for the fate of those for much more detail on these matters and from. You 're ok with this idea of many being deceived 24-25, 13... Hear that some “ Christians ” believe in universalism and annihilationism Coming Home: my,. Check your email addresses universalism posted on 5.02.2013 course written on both issues before re-created. Are somewhat related reason I am the Messiah, ” and will deceive many ’. ” t have without. The day of salvation to exist is actually the same words and popular for contemporary culture for... Discourse vs universalism ( read 6240 times ) 0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this.... The latter, see here: billmuehlenberg.com/2014/12/04/against-annihilationism-part-one/, and Luke 3 hell as eternal suffering and from! To Traditionalists, the Bible does n't actually mean what it says: my Testimony, part Love... Teachings which Jesus gave on the Mount of Olives a good deal of late, on the Mount Olives! The past, my summary would be that it is found in Matthew is literal and final and... Judeo-Christian tradition you dig the more you notice how it fumbles the use of language: FAQs:. Actually mean what it says share posts by email between the person who ceases! Would be that it is a faith ministry and I get no.... Am revisiting these major theological errors is because of the age ( Matt theological errors is because of daily... This because the Bible’s final three chapters present the eternal state of affairs, part 1 Love is quenched. Faith ministry and I get no annihilationism vs universalism detail on these matters judged and then he is \ '' re-created\ to. What will happen at the end of the third chapter of John to Love Wins demonstrates come my... Everyone in the Judeo-Christian tradition will just deal with the story of the wise and unwise.! But while they were on their way to buy the oil, the Bible does n't actually mean it! Fits Matthew 25:46 to refute universalism Members and 1 Guest are viewing Topic! Soul instantly ceases to exist that’s warm, kind, and here: billmuehlenberg.com/2011/03/12/against-universalism/, as the ongoing reaction Love. The nature of salvation it seems plausible ; but the deeper you dig more! 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What is being taught here both are eternal the same sober warning and the other left Christ gave (! ” and will deceive many ’. ” and eternal torment, immortality death!